Biography of Samuel Brown
Prominent Persons in Virginia, Biographies





Brown, Samuel, born in Rockbridge county, Virginia. January 30, 1769, son of Rev. John Brown, who came to Virginia from the North of Ireland early in the eighteenth century. He graduated at Dickinson (Pennsylvania) College, studied medicine under Dr. Rush, in Philadelphia, then went to Scotland and obtained the degree of doctor of medicine at the University of Aberdeen. He practiced successively in Washington City; Lexington, Kentucky; New Orleans, Louisiana, and Natchez, Mississippi. In 1819 he became professor of the theory and practice of medicine in the Transylvania University at Lexington, Kentucky, and held the position until 1825. He was distinguished for his application of industrial chemistry to agricultural processes, devised the method of clarifying ginseng for the Chinese market and brought steam into use for the distillation of spirits. He brought the process of lithotrity in surgery from France to the United States. He formed a medical society at Lexington, whose organization and code of ethics are said to have formed the basis of the medical associations now existing in America. In 1790 he advocated the gradual emancipation of slaves in Kentucky. He was a contributor of various papers to philosophical societies and medical journals. He died near Huntsville, Alabama, January 12, 1830.


FROM:
Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography
Volume II
By: Lyon Gardiner Tyler, LL. D.
Lewis Historical Publishing Company
New York 1915



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