Military History of North Central Ohio
North Central Ohio Biographies





CHAPTER XVII.
MILITARY HISTORY

The military history of North Central Ohio abounds in most inspiring narratives of patriotic devotion. The heritage of courage and patriotic fidelity is a glorious one. A book compiled under the direction of an Ohio Daughters of the American Revolution, reveals that of the more than 3,000 soldiers of the American Revolution buried in Ohio are 200 in the seven counties in this section of the state. Graves of that number have been listed and since the publication of the book additions have been made to the list and it is believed that further research will result in the discovery of the burial places of still more of the sturdy Continentals. When land grants were given to soldiers at the time of the settlement of Ohio, hardy New Englanders came to the Western Reserve, the Lake Erie region and sturdy Pennsylvanians crossed over into North Central Ohio and, as some one has said, they were the fathers of a race who inherited the invincible courage and sterling qualities of these Revolutionary ancestors and took up the burden of founding a greater nation by pressing forward. We are giving the names of as many of these Revolutionary soldiers, buried in North Central Ohio, as we have been able to find and appreciate assistance given in this work by regents of various D. A. R. chapters. In other chapters we have told of the War of 1812 as it related to this section of the state. Many who participated in this war afterwards settled in Medina County. The influence of the glorious patriotic traditions is seen all through our history; it is worthy of study. It is said that in the War of 1812, over half of the males of the state subject to military duty were in service; in the Mexican War, Ohio furnished more than any other northern state and thousands more offered their services but were not needed. In the Civil War, as one writer has said, our state in addition to furnishing nearly half the prominent Union commanders, contributed 340,000 of the 2,668,000 soldiers in the northern armies.

In the Spanish-American War, 15,200 of the 200,000 volunteers furnished by all the states, were from Ohio, and the glorious record of Ohio's sons in the great World War is fresh in memory. We shall refer to these more in detail later.

General training days were colorful events of early day Ohio. Dr. Hill, Ashland County historian, tells of the regimental musters, which for many years were held near the banks of the Blackfork, south of the village of Petersburg, now Mifflin. Men subject to military duties could either participate in these musters or work two days on the public highway. About 1824 a regiment of ten full companies of militia "first regiment, first brigade of the Eleventh Division of Ohio militia" was formed in Richland County, which at that time included part of what is now Ashland County. The colonel was John Oldshue. In 1834 the regiment was reorganized with Colonel Alexander Miller in command. About 1826 there was rifle regiment in what are now Ashland, Morrow and Richland counties. In 1836, Charles Colerick organized in Knox County, a company of riflemen, outfitted them in green uniforms and took them to Texas to aid in the fight of the Texans for freedom from Mexico.

A distinguished citizen of Mt. Vernon, who as a lad of sixteen left college for the Texas war of independence, was General George W. Morgan, who served in two later wars, practiced law in Mt. Vernon and was United States minister to Portugal. Entering the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1841, he left two years later, practiced law in Mt. Vernon and at the beginning of the Mexican War, was made colonel of the Second Regiment, Ohio Volunteers and later of the Fifteenth United States Infantry. The General Assembly of Ohio gave him a vote of thanks for gallantry at Centeras and Churubusco. Appointed United States council at Versailes in 1856, became United States minister to Portugal and returning home when the Civil War broke out, he was made a brigadier general. He commanded the Seventh Division of Ohio, was with General Sherman at Vicksburg and later led the expedition that captured Ft. Hindman in Arkansas. Defeated as Democratic candidate for Governor of Ohio in 1865, he served from 1869 to 1873 in Congress. This distinguished Mt. Vernonite, who for many years lived on East Gambier Street, passed away in 1893 at the age of seventy three years.

In a company which General Morgan organized at Mt. Vernon for the Mexican War, was a seventeen year old youth who enlisted as a private and was afterwards United States Senator from Minnesota, Daniel S. Norton. Another was Robert B. Mitchell, who also enlisted as a private. After serving in the Mexican War he removed to Kansas, rose to the rank of brigadier general by distinguished service in the Civil War and later became Governor of New Mexico. James E. Harle was captain of the second company, organized at Mt. Vernon for the Mexican War. Simon B. Kenton, who became captain of Company B, Second Ohio Volunteer Infantry, was first lieutenant of the company when Morgan organized it. The captain of Company A, Third Ohio Infantry, William McLaughlin, and Capt. Thomas H. Ford of Company C, both of whom years later served in the Civil War, were from Mansfield; Capt. David Moore of Company E was from Wooster and Capt. Chauncey Woodruff of Company G was from Norwalk.

Scenes in Mansfield shortly after the outbreak of the Mexican War are narrated by A. A. Graham in history of Richland County. Near the east end of Park Avenue, East, then East Market Street, a stand had been erected in a large grove of maples. To this meeting came Shelby and Plymouth people in a train of small box cars over the old Mansfield & New Haven Railroad, just reaching completion. "The old war horse," Major McLaughlin, and Thomas H. Ford, then a young attorney in Mansfield, gave rousing patriotic addresses, and others spoke. "As the excitement increased," says Historian Graham, "Major McLaughlin sprang from the stand, mounted his horse and rode about urging the men to come forward. Finally, springing from his saddle, he let his horse go its own way and called upon all who desired to enlist to form themselves into a group and join him in the march to Mexico."

A company under McLaughlin and one under Ford were easily raised. It being thought the war would be brief, enlistment was for one year.

"Our company left Mansfield June 9, 1846," said the late Dr. William Smith of Van Wert, who more than half a century ago wrote in detail of the Mexican War service of McLaughlin's company in which he served. "As there were no railroads at that time we marched via Beilville and Mt. Vernon to Columbus, then took canal boat to Portsmouth, thence by steamboat to Cincinnati and Camp Washington, where we were organized into regiments. We were put into the Third Regiment under Col. Samuel R. Curtis, who was General Curtis of the War of the Rebellion."

The narrative tells of the seven days' passage to New Orleans, the trip across the Gulf of Mexico and the fighting in Mexico. Before the first two companies returned George Weaver started enlistments for another company but found it slow work, especially when some of the soldiers returning from Mexico gave discouraging reports. The company was not filled when the men started for the war late in May, 1847. At Cincinnati men recruited there were added to the company which became Company D of the Fourth Regiment, which was in Mexico when peace was declared. A little over half of the men who went to the war returned. Captain Weaver served, also, in the Civil War, being the first man to raise a company in Hardin County.

Historian Hill says the regiment of militia in Richland County continued until about 1844 when the militia system of Ohio practically expired. One of the prize possessions of Elmer Smalley of Rowsburg, Ashland County, is the muster roll of the First Company, First Regiment, Eleventh Division of Ohio Militia. The commission of Richard Smalley as captain of this company bears date of Dec. 20, 1838. Wilson Shannon was Governor and Carter B. Harlan, Secretary of State. William Sheets was lieutenant of the company and Joseph L. Brown, ensign. Enrolled in this company were eighty one young pioneers of this section of Ohio, some of whom rose to more than local prominence. Here are the names as they appear on the roster, several of the first names being illegible: Ezekiel Robison, Jacob Spoon, George Yisley, James S. Brown, Daniel Withington, Thomas S. Sutherland, Moses King, Henry Vantilburg, John Vantilburg, Nathan Vantilburg, Jacob Crall, John Cline, Sam Jacobs, David McComahay, Zachariah Figley, Hugh White, William Feagley, Ben Shearer, Jacob Mykrantz, John Springer, George Figley, Willis Elderage, William Brown, Jacob Richards, Christian Miller, S. W. McCluer, William Millington, Edward More, John More, John L. Burwell, John Haden, Sam Smith, Charles Wigans, Philip Yisley, A. C. McClellan, James Sotherland, Reuben Hart, Andrew Proudfit, Isaac Crouse, Leander Carter, Dan Carter, Jr., Dan Kaufman, Jacob Ritter, Isaac Bolton, Isaac Zimmerman, John Hannah, Burr Kellogg, S. L. Johnson, Edward L. Warner, Robert McMurray, Phineas Powers, Rufus Brown, William McClellan, George Wate, Sam Shearer, William Kitter, Joel Markley, James Long, Robert McConahey, Anderson Dean, Christian Reaser, Charles Bell, Dan Vantilburg, Rufus Brown, Jacob Richars, Lorin Andrews, Chamberland, Thomas Stringer, Martin Gorham, Peter Risser, Mike Ritter, James Jackson, Daniel Lavda, Johnson Carson, Silas Robbins, Jr., William Wyatt, ____ Willard and S. W. Benton.

NORTH CENTRAL OHIO REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS.

Ashland County: The graves of a number of Revolutionary soldiers buried in Ashland County have been marked by Sarah Copus Chapter, D. A. R., among them being those of William Anderson, Ashland cemetery; Patrick Murray and John Tilton, Nankin cemetery; Jeremiah Conine, Perrysville cemetery; James Loudon Priest, Loudonville.

The following is a list of other Revolutionary soldiers: Christian Fast, Fast cemetery, Orange Township; Jacob Heiffner, farm a mile north of Nankin; Joseph Jones, Green Township; Martin Mason, Sr., Nankin; Burwell and Snyder, McFall cemetery; James Gray and Cornell, Pioneer cemetery; Andrew Weyman, Loudonville; Abijah Marsh, Sullivan Township; Jonathan Crapo, Close Street cemetery, Sullivan Township; Zoura Palmer, Sullivan Township; George Snyder, Solomon Hill and Abraham Hassinger, Old cemetery near Perrysville; Noah Castor, Allen Oliver, Perrysville; John Carr, John Shriner, John Scott, Perry Township; Peter VanOstrand, Sr., Clearcreek Township; Vachel Metcalf, Sullivan Township; Melzor Tannehill, Green Township; Adam Luck, Frederick Sulzer, Henry Church, Milton Township; Henry Sheller, Mifflin Township; Edward Whitington, Redhaw. Information has been received of four or five others said to have been Revolutionary soldiers buried in cemeteries of the county but the graves have not been identified.

Huron County: Soldiers of the Revolutionary War who are buried in Huron County follow: William Johnston, New Haven; Abner Baker, Woodlawn cemetery, Norwalk; Rev. David Higgins, Woodlawn cemetery, Norwalk; Michael Parks, Episcopal cemetery, Norwalk; David Underhill, Episcopal cemetery, Norwalk; William Furnace, Olena; Benjamin Drake, North Monroeville; Alva Palmer, Fitchville; Ebenezer Cook, Fitchville; Aseph Cook, Ephraim Fish, Joseph Cook, all at North Monroeville; Daniel Bishop, Asa Wheeler, Sr., Michael Mead, Methodist Episcopal cemetery, Clarksfield Township; Noah Norton, Butterfield cemetery, New London Township; Moses Sutton, Thaddeus Raymond, Shadren Husted, all at Sutton's graveyard, Hunt Corners, near Monroeville; Luther Cooley, Sr., Bissell farm, Clarksfield Township; John Sowers, Riverside cemetery, Monroeville; David Jaffrey, old Methodist Episcopal graveyard, Ripley Township, near Greenwich; Ira S. Barre, Greenwich; Julius Terry, Townsend; Prince Haskell, Peru Township; Martin Kellogg, Bronson cemetery; Aaron Fay, Bronson cemetery; James (or John) Brooks, field near Wakeman; Timothy Taylor, St. Paul's cemetery, Norwalk; Daniel Carpenter, Houfstatter cemetery, Ripley Township or in New Haven; Henry Cherry, probably Bronson Township; John (or Jonathan) Church, probably Bronson cemetery; Isaac Curtis (or Custis), probably Fitchville; Moses Kimball, Agur Hoyt, Episcopal cemetery, Norwalk; Abraham Hand, Fitchville; Luke Rowland, Day cemetery, Clarksfield Township; Solomon Cortwright, Samuel Hilldreth, Joel Bishop, Timothy Foote, Amaziah Barber, John Carney, Isaac Sampson, Lemuel Raymond, Joseph Waldron, Wilcox, ______ Pond, not definite but probably in this county.

Knox County: Revolutionary War soldiers who are buried in Knox County are as follows: John Cowden, farm owned by Leroy Squires on crossroad, one and one half miles north of Mt Liberty; Nathaniel Critchfield, old cemetery, Jelloway; Zarah Curtis, Mound View cemetery, Mt. Vernon; John Ewalt, Jr., Mound View cemetery, Mt. Vernon; Levi Harrod, Union Grove cemetery, Harrison Township; Robert Huston, Martinsburg; Daniel Jackson, near Fredericktown; Cary McClelland, Bell Church cemetery; Abraham Blair, Jehiel Bouton, Jr., Lemuel Chapman, Stephen Cook, Joseph Critchfield, Stephen Griffin, John Ackerman, William Johnstone, Edward Landon, Minard Lefever, William McWilliams, John Molt, Jacon Phifer, John Pierson, William Spry, William Thrift, Sr., Zephaniah Wade, Rufus Ward, Isaac Young and Isaac Young, Jr.

Lorain County: The following list of graves have been marked by Western Reserve Chapter, D. A. R., Lorain County: John Barnum, Ridgeville Center cemetery; David Beebe, North Ridgeville; James Brooks, LaPorte; Samuel Eldred, Ridgeville; Albis Foster, Butternut Ridge cemetery; Daniel Gibson, Jr., John Lawrence, Pioneer cemetery, Wellington; Abner Loveland, Greenwood cemetery; Joseph Moore, Avon-on-the-Lake; Seth Morse, George Bacon, Brownhelm cemetery; Samuel Pelton, Pioneer cemetery, Wellington; Ezra Sexton, Pioneer cemetery, Wellington; Martin Sheihouse, North Ridgeville; Oliver Terrell, Butternut cemetery, Field's Corners; Elihu Terrell, Columbia Station; Abraham Wellman, South Amherst.

The following are names of soldiers who formerly lived in this county and are buried here and others who are probably buried in this county: Moses Allis, Carlisle; Nathan Bassett, Evergreen cemetery, South Amherst; Aaron Burt, Grafton cemetery; John Prentiss Calkins, Avon-on-the-Lake; John Ferris, Pittsfield; John Kelly, Huntington Center; Marshall Merriman, Lagrange; Charles Rounds, Pittsfield Township; marked by Elyria Chapter, D. A. R.; John Howard, Columbia Township; Peter Laboni, John Smith, William Young, all at Huntington cemetery; Adna Clark, Betsey Squires, Jonathan Crapo, Jonah Hanchett, Submit Langden, Jesse Morgan, Eli Pember, Zachariah Beers, Elisha Brown, Eleazer Crawford, Calvin Dyke, Gershom Rickerson, John Taylor, Johnny Campbell, Jonathan Buck, Josiah Ward, Justice Battle, Joseph Kingsbury, Thomas Williams, Ben Rising, Noah Bouton, Phinney Kellogg, L. Langden, John McManners, Sam Sanford, Ephraim Slauter, Ezra Squire.

The following are names of Revolutionary soldiers listed as being buried in Medina County: Joseph Deacon, Middlebury; Benjamin Bentley, Sharon cemetery; S. E. Michael Brouse, Woodlawn cemetery, Wadsworth; Ben Cotton, Seville; Timothy Eggleston, Benntle's Corners, Brunswick Township; John Flint, Beach cemetery; Rufus Freeman, Seville; James Gifford, Woodlawn cemetery, Wadsworth; Major Seth Goodwin, Reed Hill cemetery; Christopher Hain, Spencer cemetery; Eden Hamilton, Hamilton Corners; Capt. Elisha Himsdale, Woodlawn cemetery, Wadsworth; William Hosmer, Seville; John Hulet, Brunswick Center; Philemon Kirkum, Woodlawn cemetery, Wadsworth; Thomas Leland, Seville; Elijah Porter, River Styx; Ebenezer Shaw, Chatham; Capt. John Stearns, Brunswick; Freegift Taylor, Spencer; John Thompson, Seville; Peter Truman, Hinckley; John Weard, Weymouth; Michael Walt, Sharon; John Ward, Brunswick; Deliverance Eastman, Friendsville; Foster Sharon, Ansel Brainerd, Henry Disbrow, Abda Dolph, Nathaniel Gray, Frederick Jones, David Nichols, Ben Parker.

Richland County: Names of Revolutionary War soldiers listed as buried in Richland County: William Bodley, Adams cemetery; George Coffinberry, Springfield cemetery; Noah Cook, Lexington cemetery; Peter Erving, Old cemetery, Plymouth; James Gamble, Old cemetery, Shelby; John Gates, Sr., Windsor; William Gillispie, Bellville; John Henry, Adams cemetery; Benjamin Jackson, Beilville; John Jacobs, Catholic cemetery, Mansfield; James McDermott, Koogle cemetery; Amassa Fleeharty, John Hiller, William McKelvey, John Mann, Henry Nail, Sr., William Oldfield, Samuel Poppleton, David Post, Christian Riblet, John Stoner, Thomas Taylor, Amariah Watson, Thomas Willis and Adam Wolfe; Joseph Mann, Moses Baeman, Samuel Physs, Worthington; Charles Young, Mathias Young; Monroe; Jesse Edington, Springfield Township, seven miles west of Mansfield.

Wayne County: Fred B. Barnhart, Wooster; Augustus Case, Sr., Maple Grove cemetery; Michael Cobler, Shreve cemetery; Ezekiel Conkey, Knupp's cemetery, one mile west of Rittman; John Davidson, Old cemetery, Smithville; John Dulin, Old Congress cemetery; Peter Edmonds, Warner cemetery, two miles west of Wooster; Henry Fike, Zion Church cemetery; Henry Franks, Chippewa; Martin Fritz, East End cemetery, near Rittman; Masson Metcalf, Old cemetery near Millbrook, Plain Township; Conrad Mitsco, Old cemetery in Marshallville; James Morgan, Old burying ground on the Jacob Beecher farm south of Moreland, Franklin Township; Robert Patterson, Old Congress cemetery; Conrad Peterson, Old Congress cemetery; Frederick Rice, Wooster cemetery; Alex Shankland, Canaan cemetery, Canaan Township; George Sharp, Old cemetery east of Apple Creek; Ezra Tryon, Fairview cemetery; John Yocum, private graveyard, one mile west of Congress; Benjamin Miller Canaan Bend cemetery, Canaan Township; George Pungher, Old cemetery at Madisonburg.

The following are also listed as being buried in this county: William McCaughey, William Marshall, Christian Meyer, Isaac Munson, William Naylor, Nathaniel Walker, Michael Waltz, Peter Waltz, Barnet Hagerman, Michael Brouse, Rufus Freeman, Christian Franks, Isaac Underwood, Benjamin Foster, Benjamin Cotton, Conrad Metsker, Jesse Richardson, Simon Goodspeed, Robert Cain.

From:
History of North Central Ohio
Embracing Richland, Ashland, Wayne,
Medina, Lorin, Huron and Knox Counties
BY: William A. Duff
Historical Publishing Company
Topeka-Indianapolis 1931


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