Biography of Paul Howland
Cuyahoga County, OH Biographies

PAUL HOWLAND was born at Jefferson, Ohio, December 5, 1865, and was the oldest of a family of four boys: W. S. Howland. now deceased; Dr. A. P. Howland of Cleveland; and Col. Charles R. Rowland, of the Regular Army. His father was the late judge W. P. Rowland, of Jefferson, Ohio, and his mother was Esther Elizabeth (Leonard) Howland. Mr. Rowland is named after his grandfather, Paul Rowland. who came to the Western Reserve in 1821 from Massachusetts and settled at Pierpont. in Ashtabula County. The families on both sides are of New England ancestry. The Howlands are descendants of the Pilgrim Howlands of Plymouth.

Mr. Howland graduated from the Jefferson High School in 1883; from Oberlin College in 1887, with a degree of Bachelor of Arts; and in 1890 from Harvard Law School, with a degree of Bachelor of Laws, and was awarded the Master of Arts degree by Oberlin College in 1894. He was admitted to the bar of Ohio by the Supreme Court of the state in 1890, and at once engaged in the active practice of the law, forming a partnership with H. E. Starkey at Jefferson. In 1894 he formed a partnership with the late Judge H. B. Chapman and opened an office in Cleveland, where he has since been engaged in the active practice of the law.

From 1896 to 1900 he was a member of the State Board of Bar Examiners, by appointment of the Supreme Court.

In 1898 he volunteered for the Spanish American war, and was commissioned a second lieutenant and squadron adjutant of the First Ohio Volunteer Cavalry. While the regiment was being broken in at Chickamauga Park, Mr. Howland was designated by the Supreme Court of the State of Ohio to hold an examination for admission to the bat of those soldiers who were prepared to take the examination before being called into the service.

In 1906 Mr. Howland was elected to Congress from the Twentieth Congressional District, and was reelected for three consecutive terms.

During his service in Congress he served four years on the judiciary committee of the House of Representatives, and was one of the managers on the part of the House in the prosecution of the articles of impeachment before the bar of the Senate of Judge Archbold, who was found guilty and removed from office. On his retirement from Congress he became actively identified with the American Bar Association, and served on its various committees continuously up to the present time, and was on the executive committee from 1918 to 1921. He has also taken a very active part in local and state bar associations, believing that it is the duty of the lawyer to utilize every agency to advance the interests of his chosen profession.

In 1916 Mr. Howland was elected a delegate to the republican national convention, pledged to the support of the candidacy of Senator Theodore E. Button for the presidency. He was a member of the committe on resolutions, and a member of the subcommittee which was selected from the general committee, which drafted the platform.

In 1920 he. was again elected a delegate from his congressional district to the republican national convention, and did everything in his power to advance the candidacy of the late President Warren G. Harding, and in the caucus of the Ohio delegation offered the resolution that the delegation give its support to Harding until released by him, which resolution was adopted and had great influence in bringing about the final nomination of President Harding. Mr. Howland was placed by the Ohio delegation on the committee on rules and order of business, and on the organization of this committee was unanimously elected chairman, and presented the report of the committee to the convention. It was at this convention that he presented the resolution granting to the national committee the power to fix the delegate representation in future conventions on some just and equitable basis. This power was granted with the hope and expectation that the national committee would cut down substantially the representation of the Southern states in republican conventions.

In 1924 Mr. Howland was again elected a delegate from his congressional district to the republican national convention, pledged to the support of President Coolidge. He was selected as Ohio's member of the committee on rules and order of business, and was again elected chairman of that committee and presented its report to the convention. This report carried with it a revision of the rules governing representation in national conventions worked out by the national committee under the authority granted it in 1920, and also gave to the ladies the right of equal representation on the national committee from each state.

Mr. Howland has been active in all civic matters tending to promote the welfare of the city. He was a director for four years in the Cleveland Chamber of Industry and was president of that organization for one year. He was a director of the Cleveland Chamber of Commerce for three consecutive years, and is chairman of the board of trustees of the First Congregational Church of Cleveland.

He is a thirty second degree Mason, past potentate of Al Koran Temple of. the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, and a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.

Mr. Howland married, on the 18th day of January, 1905, Miss Jessie F. Pruden, of Burghill, Trumbull County, Ohio.

During Mr. Howland's college days he was active in athletic sports, and a member of the Oberlin College baseball team during all of the four years he was at Oberlin, and a member of the Harvard Varsity during the three years, 1888, 1889 and 1890, he was in attendance at the Harvard Law School. While at Harvard he was a member of the Hasty Pudding Club and the University Club.

In Cleveland he has a membership in the Nisi Prius Club and the Union Club, and is at present (1924) president of the New England Society. Mr. Howland resides at 1448 West Sixty fifth Street, Cleveland, Ohio.

A History of Cuyahoga County
and the City of Cleveland
By: William R. Coates
The American Historical Society
Chicago and New York, 1924

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