Biography of Dr. Archibald N. Dawson
Cuyahoga County, OH Biographies

ARCHIBALD NAIL DAWSON, A. B., M. D. One of the successful physicians and surgeons and prominent citizens of Lakewood is Dr. Archibald N. Dawson, who has been in the active practice of his profession in this community for the past fifteen years. He is a native son of Ohio, and represents a family whose name has been identified with the history of this state since pioneer days and with the nation since Colonial days, the family having settled in Virginia prior to the War of the Revolution, and in Ohio in the early part of the nineteenth century.

Rev. William Chambers Dawson, father of the doctor, was born in Wayne County, Ohio, in 1851, the son of Archibald Dawson, who was born in a log cabin near the present town of Mount Sterling, Ohio. Archibald, Sr., was the son of Thomas Sterling Dawson, the Ohio pioneer of the family. Thomas S. was born in Virginia, of Scotch Irish ancestors who settled in Virginia prior to the Revolutionary war, and from which state a later generation settled in Kentucky. It is a tradition in the family that it is descended from Virginia Dare, the first white child born in the Virginia colony. Thomas S. Dawson, the Ohio pioneer, came into this state soon after the close of the War of 1812.

Rev. William C. Dawson receiyed his early education in the common schools, and was graduated from Baldwin Wallace University in 1878. He was ordained a minister of the Northern Ohio Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and held pastorates at Pittsfield, Wellington, Wooster and Elyria, Ohio. He married Mary E. Nail, who was born in Mansfield, Ohio, the daughter of Samuel Nail, who was born in Richland County, Ohio, the son of Henry and Catherine (Lewis) Nail, early settlers of that county. Rev. William C. Dawson died in 1907, survived by his widow, who resides at Brecksville, Cuyahoga County. To their marriage the following children were born: Charles A., was graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University, Bachelor of Arts, from Harvard University, Master of Arts, and from Boston (Mass.) University, Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Sacred Theology, and is engaged in literary work; Archibald, N., Doctor of Medicine; Mabel E., was graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University, Bachelor of Arts, and is engaged in teaching; William W., graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University, Bachelor of Arts, and from the law department of Western Reserve University, Bachelor of Laws, and is an attorney of Cleveland.

Dr. A. N. Dawson was graduated from the Ashland (Ohio) High School in 1899, from Ohio Wesleyan University, Bachelor of Arts in 1904, and from the medical department of Western Reserve University, Doctor of Medicine, in 1908. During 1908-09 he served as interne at St. Vincent Charity Hospital, and in 1910 he entered general practice in Lakewood, specializing in obstetrics of late years.

Doctor Dawson is head of the obstetrical staff of Lakewood Hospital, is a member of the Cleveland Academy of Medicine, a member of Ohio State Medical Association and Fellow of the American Medical Association. He is a member of Lakewood Chamber of Commerce, the Clifton Club, Sleepy Hollow Country Club; Ohio Chapter, Sons of the American Revolution; and of the Church of the Ascension of Lakewood.

Doctor Dawson married Miss Jean Backus, who was born in Dedham, Massachusetts, the daughter of Arthur Mann and Eliza Jennings (Burton) Backus. Mrs. Dawson is a graduate of Smith College. To the doctor and wife three children have been born: William Burton, born August 19, 1913; Archibald Nail, Jr., born April 26, 1917; and Elizabeth Jane, born April 29, 1921.

A History of Cuyahoga County
and the City of Cleveland
By: William R. Coates
The American Historical Society
Chicago and New York, 1924

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