Biography of Newton D. Baker
Cuyahoga County, OH Biographies

NEWTON DIEHL BAKER, who served with distinction as United States Secretary of War during the climateric period of American participation in the World war, and who has continued in the practice of law in the City of Cleveland since his retirement from the cabinet of President Wilson, claims the State of West Virginia as the place of his nativity. He was born at Martinsburg, that state, December 3, 1871, and is a son of Newton Diehi Baker and Mary (Dukehart) Baker. In 1892 Mr. Baker was graduated in Johns Hopkins University, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and in the law department of Washington & Lee University, Virginia, he was graduated as a member of the class of 1894. In 1896-97 he was private secretary to the postmaster general of the United States, and in 1897 he engaged in the practice of law at Martinsburg, West Virginia. From his native city he finally came to Cleveland, Ohio, and in connection with his professional work here he served as city solicitor in the period of 1902-12. He was mayor of the city for the terms of 1912-14 and 1914-16, and in 1916 President Wilson appointed him United States Secretary of War. In this office his record of service has become a part of national history, and needs no reviewing in this sketch.

Mr. Baker has been known as a stalwart and effective advocate of the principles of the democratic party, is affiliated with the Phi Gamma Delta college fraternity, and in his home city he has membership in the Union and University clubs. July 5, 1902, recorded his marriage to Miss Elizabeth Leopold, of Pottstown, Pennsylvania.

A History of Cuyahoga County
and the City of Cleveland
By: William R. Coates
The American Historical Society
Chicago and New York, 1924

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