Biography of General Thomas L. Young
Member of 60th Ohio General Assembly - Senate

GENERAL THOMAS L. YOUNG, Senator from Hamilton, was born the 14th of December, 1834, near Belfast, in the north of Ireland. He came to this country when very young, received a common school education and was graduated at the Law School of the Cincinnati College.

When not quite sixteell years old he entered the United States regular army, during the last year of the Mexican War. During his ten years' service in the army, four years of which time he was Orderly Sergeant of Company "A," Third Regiment of Artillery, he was connected with an exploring expedition through the western Territories of Kansas, Nebraska, Montana, Utah, Oregon, Nevada and Arizona, and served several years on the frontiers among the Indians.

Becoming tired of the aimless life of a soldier in time of peace, he returned to Pennsylvania and engaged in mercantile pursuits until 1859, when he removed to Cincinnati, and was soon appointed Superintendent of the House of Refuge Reform School, which position he held until the breaking out of the Rebellion.

He seems to have been the first volunteer from Hamilton county, as, on the 18th of March, 1861, twenty-five days before the Rebels fired on Fort Sumter, foretelling the result of the feeling existing between the people of the North and the leaders of the South, he wrote a letter to Lieutenant-General Winfield Scott, volunteering his military services to help organize the volunteer forces; to which letter he received an appreciative reply from General Scott, but who still hoped there might be no occasion for his services.

On the 18th of April Mr. Young assisted in the organization of a volunteer company of Home Guards, and drilled it, but, as a company, it never went into the service.

In August, 1861, he received the appointment of Captain in Fremont's Body Guard, and served in it until about the first of January, 1862, when the organization was disbanded by General Halleck.

Returning from Missouri, incensed at the Administration for removing General Fremont, in whose honesty of purpose and military genius Mr. Young had, at that time, great confidence, he became the editor of a Democratic paper at Sidney, Ohio, and while he opposed many acts of the Administration, andĽ condemned the weak-kneed policy then pursued toward the Rebels, he never swerved or faltered in advocating a vigorous prosecution of the war. He had always been united with the Democratic party, until the fall of 1862, when he considered that the Democratic party had ignored their principles and took a stand against the country, he then united with the Union party.

In August, 1861, he again volunteered, and was appointed a Captain to recruit a company for the One Hundred and Eighteenth Regiment, and, in the organization of this regiment, he was its first Major. While in this rank, he was detached to act as Provost-Martial at several points in Kentucky, where his name was held in fear by the Rebels.

In February, 1863, he was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel, in which rank he commanded the regiment through the whole campaign in East Tennessee, his Colonel having commanded the brigade. His Colonel having resigned, he was commissioned Colonel, in April, 1864, and served as such until September 14, when he was honorably discharged for disability caused by disease contracted during the Atlanta campaign.

At the battle of Resaca Colonel Young led the first charge on the center of the enemies works, when his regiment was driven back, with great slaughter, losing one hundred and sixteen men out of two hundred and seventy, in a few minutes.

On the 13th of March, 1865, the President brevetted him Brigadier-General of Volunteers.

After the close of the war he was elected to the Legislature from Hamilton county, where he took an active part, especially in military legislation.

In October, 1867, he was elected Recorder of Hamilton county.- Ohio in the War.

In addition to the above we have to say, that, while Recorder of Hamilton county, he was, without solicitation, appointed the first Supervisor of Internal Revenue for the Southern District of Ohio. This office he accepted on the 14th day of December, 1868, and retained for about a year, when he resigned it, because the duties required were distasteful to him.

In 1871 he was nominated for State Senator, and was the only Republican elected from Cincinnati to the State Senate.

Mr. Young says: "I am married and have the best wife and prettiest babies in the world."

Biographical Sketches of the
State Officers and of the members
of the Sixtieth General Assembly
of the State of Ohio.
By: W. Sarwin Crabb.
Ohio State Journal Book and Job Rooms.
Columbus, Ohio 1872

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