General Isaac R. Sherwood
Secretary of State

GENERAL ISAAC R. SHERWOOD was born on the 15th of August, 1835. He was educated at the Hudson River Institute, Claverack, New York, and at Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio. After leaving college, he took a course of law reading, at the Western Law College, of Cleveland, and in 1857, located in Bryan, Williams county, Ohio, and established a Radical Republican newspaper, known as the Williams County Gazette. In 1859 he was elected Probate Judge of Williams county, which office he resigned upon the breaking out of the War. His military record is thus sketched in a historical work entitled" Ohio in the War:"

"Isaac R. Sherwood entered the army on the 18th of April, 1801, and served as a private soldier for four months, in West Virginia, in the Fourteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, participating in skirmishes at Laurel Mountain and Cheat River, and in the fight at Carriek's Ford. He received a commission as First Lieutenant in the One Hundred and Eleventh Ohio Infantry, was appointed Adjutant of the Regiment, and served in that position through the Buel campaign, in Kentucky, in 1862. On the 1st of February, 1863, at the unanimous request of the field and line officers, he was promoted from Adjutant to Major. He participated in the campaign against John Morgan, and in the East Tennessee campaign. He commanded the skirmishers of Burnside's army, on the retreat from Huff's Ferry to Lenore, and commanded the regiment at Huff's Ferry, Seige of Knoxville, Campbell's Station, Blaine's Cross Roads, Dandridge, Strawberry Plains, Mossy Creek and Loudon. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel on the 12th of February, 1864, and from that time until the close of the war, was constantly in command of his regiment. He was engaged at Rocky Face, Résaca, Burnt Hickory, Dallas, Pine Mountain, Lost Mountain, Kenesaw Mountain, Chattahootchie, Decatur, Peach Tree Creek, Utoy Creek, Atlanta, Lovejoy, Columbia, and Franklin. For gallantry in the latter engagement, he was made a Brevet-Brigadier General. He was transferred to the East, and was through the North Carolina campaigns."

General Sherwood was also in both days engagements at Nashville, and in the last charge, on the 16th of December, 1864, captured three stands of rebel colors and a large number of prisoners. In the North Carolina campaign he was at Fort Anderson, Tom Creek, Raleigh, and at the final surrender at Durham's Station, North Carolina. After the war he was assigned to duty as Commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau, for the State of Florida, but he immediately tendered his resignation. His regiment (the One Hundred and Eleventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry) shows a very large mortality list. We quote from "Ohio in the War:"

"The One Hundred and Eleventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry numbered one thousand and eighty men, when it entered the service, and received eighty five recruits. Of these men, two hundred and thirty four were discharged for disability, disease and wounds; two hundred died of disease contracted ju the service; two hundred and fifty two were killed in battle, or died of wounds, and four hundred and one were finally mustered out."

The regiment was complimented in General Orders, after the battle of Franklin.

He was elected Secretary of State in 1868, and re-elected in 1870.

Biographical Sketches of the
State Officers and of the members
of the Sixtieth General Assembly
of the State of Ohio.
By: W. Sarwin Crabb.
Ohio State Journal Book and Job Rooms.
Columbus, Ohio 1872

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