Biography of Dr. Edward R. Baldwin
Franklin County, NY Biographies

Edward Robinson Baldwin, M. D. - One of the foremost specialists in the treatment of tuberculosis is Doctor Baldwin, of Saranac Lake, who is widely known throughout the United States. He was born at Bethel, Conn., Sept. 8, 1864, the son of Rev. Elijah Clark and Frances M. (Hutchinson) Baldwin.

Rev. Elijah Clark Baldwin was born at Milford, Conn., Dec. 4, 1832. He received his early education in the public schools of Milford and in 1860 was graduated from the Union Theological Seminary. For 30 years he was a widely known minister of the Congregational Church, being pastor of churches at Bethel, Branford, New Haven, and Cheshire, Conn. He died April 27, 1890, and is buried at Cromwell, Conn. Reverend Baldwin was married (first) to Miss Julia Childs, on May 1, 1856. To them was born a daughter, Julia, Feb. 23, 1857. She married Rev. Edward D. Kelsey, of New Haven, Conn., and she died Feb. 2, 1894. The mother of Julia Baldwin Kelsey died at her birth and Reverend Baldwin later married (second) on June 3, 1862, Miss Frances M. Hutchinson, the daughter of Dr. Ira Hutchinson, of Cromwell, Conn. To them were born four sons: 1. Edward R., the subject of this sketch. 2. Albertus H., born Dec. 14, 1865, lives at Washington, D. C. 3. Ernest Hickok, born May 19, 1869, a graduate of Yale University, degree of Doctor of Philosophy, and for some years a teacher of history at Worcester Academy in Massachusetts. He died Dec. 1, 1922. 4. Elijah Warner, born Sept. 28, 1872, died Jan. 15, 1878. Frances M. (Hutchinson) Baldwin died Jan. 14, 1914, in her 90th year and is buried in Cromwell, Conn.

Edward Robinson Baldwin was educated at Branford and New Haven, being a member of the class of 1882 of the New Haven High School. He left school to work in the retail hardware business at New Haven for four years, and then took up the study of medicine in the office of his uncle, Dr. J. Francis Calef, of Middletown, Conn. He completed his professional studies at Yale University, and received the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1890. During the latter two years of his college career he was assistant instructor of chemistry at the University, and thus was able to pay his own college expenses. He also received the honorary degree of Master of Arts from Yale in 1914. Doctor Baldwin served as intern at Hartford Hospital in 1890 and began the private practice of medicine at Cromwell, Conn., in the office of his grandfather, who had practiced medicine there for many years. Doctor Baldwin developed tuberculosis, however, in the early years of his professional career and in 1891 he was forced to seek his health at Saranac Lake. After 18 months of treatment he was fully recovered and in 1892 became a specialist in the treatment of tuberculosis here. He was assistant and later director of the Saranac Lake Laboratory from 1892 until 1928. He has been a director of the Trudeau Foundation and school, vice president of Trudeau Sanatorium, and chairman of the executive committee since 1916. Doctor was president and is now emeritus member of the American Climatological and Clinical Association. He served as president of the Saranac Lake Board of Health from 1898 until 1901, and was president of the Reception Hospital for Tuberculosis from 1902 until 1928. He also held the office of president of the board of trustees of Saranac Lake General Hospital from 1912 until 1914.

Doctor Baldwin is a member of the Saranac Lake, Franklin County, New York State, and American Medical Associations, and during the World War was chairman of the medical advisory board No. 32 of the State of New York. He is also a member of the New York State Health Commission, Tuberculosis Committee, and in 1919 was a member of the delegation from the United States to the International Conference at Cannes, France, of the League of the Red Cross Societies. He is chairman of Saranac Lake Chapter, American Red Cross.

Doctor Baldwin is the author of numerous scientific papers on the cause, prevention and treatment of tuberculosis, being co author with Dr. Petroff and Dr. Gardner of "Pathology and Laboratory Diagnosis," which was published in 1927. He has spent much time in special laboratory experimental research work on infection, immunity and prevention of tuberculosis. At the present time he devotes most of his time to consultation work with other physicians and surgeons, and has no private practice. He is a nationally known figure in the field of tuberculosis, its prevention and treatment.

Doctor Baldwin was married to Miss Mary Caroline Ives, on June 1, 1895, the daughter of the late Titus B. Ives, of Cheshire, Conn., who was superintendent of the Cheshire Manufacturing Company. Doctor and Mrs. Baldwin have a son, Henry Ives Baldwin, born Aug. 23, 1896. He is research forester in the employ of the Brown Company, of Berlin, N. H.

Politically, Doctor Baldwin is a Republican. He is an active member of the Presbyterian Church, and belongs to the Saranac Lake Athletic Association, Saranac Lake Golf Club, and Saranac Lake Fish and Game Club.

Doctor Baldwin also holds membership in the New York Academy of Medicine and the National Tuberculosis Association, of which he is a life member and of which he was president in 1917.


The North Country
A History, Embracing
Jefferson, St. Lawrence, Oswego, Lewis
and Franklin Counties, New York.
By: Harry F. Landon
Historical Publishing Company
Indianopolis, Indiana 1932

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