Biography of Francis Stebens Pease


Pease, Francis Stebens, Buffalo, founder of the business now conducted by the F. S. Pease Oil Company, was born in Rochester, N. Y., December 22, 1822, and came to Buffalo in 1837. In 1838 he went east and took up the study of chemistry, remaining until 1848, when he returned to Buffalo and engaged in a small way in the manufacture of lubricating oils, He gradually increased the business till it became the largest and most important of the kind in the city, and successfully continued it until his death, November 6, 1890. Since then his widow has managed it with the same energy and devotion. In 1862 a prize medal was awarded the Pease product at the London Exposition, and afterward similar prizeswere won at Paris, Vienna, Santiago and Philadelphia. During the Centennial Exposition of 1876 he won special distinction, all the machinery, including about three miles of shafting and 20,000 journals and bearings, being run with his improved oils. In his youth Mr. Pease was a student of Professor Silliman of New Haven, Conn., who, at this exposition, complimented him on his wonderful advancement, acknowledging that he had gone deeper into the study of these special products, and adding "I am now your pupil." Mr. Pease also won prominence as an inventor, originating among other appliances a raking platform for harvesting machines, a compound repeating and printing telegraph instrument, cast iron movable teeth for reapers and mowers, an aeolian attachment for the guitar, and a device for testing oil by electricity. He was a man of great energy, force of character and perseverance, and as a citizen was highly esteemed and respected. He was a member of Hiram Lodge No. 105, F. & A. M., the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, and the American Society for the Advancement of Science, a life member of the Buffalo Historical Society, and an original contributor to the Young Men's Christian Association. He was prominent in all movements for the advancement of science and art, opening over his store the first art gallery in Buffalo free for all students in art and taking special interest in the education of medical students, giving them the free use of his own valuable microscopical instruments and aiding them and others in securing outfits for microscopical study. He did more than any other one man in his day to advance the interests of Buffalo and spread its natural advantages before the world. Prof. Charles Chandler of Columbia College invited him to make a collection of oils for that institution, and afterward he made similar collections for various universities and museums in this country and abroad, including one for the National Museum at Washington. In 1845 he married Lucretia Goodale of Buffalo, and after her death he married, on May 7, 1885, A. de Etta Bloodgood of New York city, who successfully continues the business.

Our County and its people
A descriptive work on Erie County, New York
Edited by: Truman C. White
The Boston History Company, Publishes 1898


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