Biography of Stephen Bogue
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Also see [Railway Officials in America 1906]

The progenitor of the family to which this pioneer of Penn belonge wae Josiah Bogue, a Scotchman and a member of the Society of Friends, who sailed for America some time in the early part of the eighteenth century, and settled at Edenton, N. C. He had a family of five children, Jesse, Joseph, Job, Mary, and Lydia. Joseph, the father of Stephen Bogue, was born in Perqnimans, N. C., where he was reared to, and successfully followed, the life of a planter. He married Mary Newby. They were the parents of fifteen children’ the youngest of whom, Stephen ogue, was born October 17, 1790. tha father died when he was quite young, and the boy succeeded to the management of his small estate. Owing to the arduous duties thus throat upon him, to feeble health when a child, and to the scarcity of good schools, he obtained only an imperfect education, but he had a vigorous, inquiring mind which made him an apt pupil in the lite schools of observation and experieoce.

The prohibition of slavery in the States of the old Northwest drew to them tho salt of the South a vast immigration of the heat elements of population from tho Carolinas, Georgia, Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. In 1811, when Stephen Bogue was twenty-one years of age, the family emigrated to Preble County Ohio. Their abhorence of slavery was perhaps the chief influence which operated to induce this change of location. Their estate, however, small at the time of the father and husband’s death, was materially reduced by the demands of the large family which subsisted upon it, and their comparatively poor condition was aeother consideration which had actuated them in removing to a new country. On arriving at Preble County they had but $200 left with which to purchaas land. With this sum, however, ons hundred and twenty acres tvao secured, which by dint of the utmost toil wan cleared and converted into a farm. Stephen Bsgvts wee one of the earliest pioneers of the county, and endured many hardships and privations.

In January, 1822, he was united in marriage with Elva Elliott, of Wayne County, Ind. Three children were the offering of their marriage, viz.: Sarah (now Mm. J. E. Bonine), and Joseph and Benjamin who died in childhood. Mrs. Bogne died in 1828.

In 1829, Stephen Bogus came to “the St. Jeseph country,” the fame of which had gone abroad through the more Eastern States, aud of which he had received favorable reports from his sister, Mrs. Charles Jones, and her husband, who had located in Penn in 1828. Mr. Bogus entered a tract of land in the same township, and than returned to Ohio, journeying, as he had on the way out, on hemeback along the Indian trails.

He married in March, 1291, Mrs. Hanna Bonine, mother of James Bogus Bonine. By this union there were four children, Elvira, now Mrs. Silas Thomas, Susanuah, William H. and Stephen A. Her maiden name was East, a native of Grayson Cnunly, Va., born in December, 1798. She had gone with her parents to Tennessee in 1807, and from there to Wayne County, Ind., in 1816, where she was married to James Bonine In 1824. In October, 1821, Mr. Bogue and his wife removed tn Michigan and settled in Penn Township, on the farm now owned by their sun Stephen A. Bugue. Here the pioneer resided until his death, which occurred October 11, 1888. Mis widow is still living a resident of Vandalia.

The subject of our sketch was by birth, by inclination, and by education a Friend. Therefore he was an advocate of the abolition of slavery, and a very stanch and consistent one. He lived to witness the final complete triumph of his cherished and once unpopular principles, in tbs overthrow of “the peculiar inntitution.” He was one of the founders of the Friends’ Anti-Slavery Society, and during the existence of that wonderful organization known as “the Underground Railroad,” he aided a very largs number of fugitive slaves in their flight to Canada. In 1847, the zeal of his friendship for the bondsman made him a loading character among those who resisted the “Kentucky Raid” (of which an account is given in Chapter XVII) when the Kentuckians brought suit agatnst a number of citizens of Case Cousty to recover the value of the slaves they hnd kidnaped and been prevented from carrying back with them, several of the defendants compromised the case, so fhr as they were individually concerned, hut Mr. Bogue, from principle, resolutely refused all offers to compromise, regarding any payments that might be made under such offers as “blood money." He would have occupied this position alone, save for the company of Josiah and Jefferson Osborn. Politically, he affiliated with the Whig, Free-Soil and Republican parties. Although from principle upposed to war, he gave the whole weight of his influence for the suppression of the Southern rebellion.

A dsvoted member of ths Society of Friends, he was instrumental in effecting the organization of Birch Lake Monthly Meeting. He was one of its original members, and the first meeting was held at his house. All church enterprises received from him encouragement and support.

In the conduct of his affairs, hs was successful beyond the common measure, and secured a competency. Be was a man of much enterprise. One of his projects which resulted most favorably was ths platting and establishment of the village of Vandelia.

The subject of our sketch possessed a very happy combination of the good qualities of mind and heart. He was very strongly attached to his family and friends, and a man of great marked social qualifications, always genial and kindly in intercourse with his fellow-men, whatever might be their condition in life. Ms was judicionaly bensvslent and tho worthy poor of his nsighbsrhud and township had no better friend.

Morally he was above repoach. His sense of justics was very keen. Faith in his honesty aud fair-mindedness was universal, and he was very frequently celled upon to act as arbitator in settling business difficulties or as a peacemaker where violent differences of opinion arose. Me was an upright, pure, high minded man. His unswerving integrity, his devotion to principle, his singleness of purpose and simplicity of chamctsr won the respect of all who knew him. His example and Counsel were a coustant and an active force for good during his life.


From:
History of Cass Couny, Michigan
With Illistrations and Biographical Sketches
of some of it's Prominent Men and Pioneers.
Waterman, Watkins & Co., Chicago 1882.

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