ALONZO GARCELON, son of Col. William Garcelon and Mary Davis Garcelon, was born
in Lewiston, Me., May 6, 1813. His father was a prominent citizen of the town in his time, being extensively engaged
in agricultural pursuits. Young Garcelon worked on his fatherís farm during his boyhood days, attending the town
school in the winter. In 1829, he began his studies at Monmouth Academy, where he attended a year and a half. He
subsequently attended the Waterville Academy and the New Castle Academy, and entered Bowdoin College in 1832, taking
his degrees in 1836. During his collegiate course, he taught school winters to earn money to pay his way through
After graduating, he took charge of the Alfred Academy, where he taught successfully three terms, when he relinquished
teaching to enter upon the study of medicine with Dr. Abiel Hall. Subsequently he entered the Dartmouth Medical
School and became also a private student of the celebrated Dr. Muzzey. In 1838, Dr. Muzzey was called to a professorship
in the Medical College of Ohio, at Cincinnati, and Mr. Garcelon accompanied him, mainly for the reason that liner
facilities would be afforded him for the prosecution of his studies, in the way of large hospital practice, where
numerous surgical operations were performed.
Dr. Garcelon graduated from this institution in 1839, and in October of that year he returned to Lewiston and soon
began the practice of his profession. He immediately gained prominence as a physician, and an extensive practice,
which he has maintained to the present time. His services are in almost constant demand, and, though he is past
eighty years of age, he appears to be as vigorous, mentally and physically, as he was thirty years ago, and thinks
nothing of driving twenty-live miles into the country to attend a patient. He resides in the northerly part of
the city, where he has an elegant estate, with a fine farm connected, the operations of which he directs with as
much interest and as successfully as could any young farmer.
In politics, Mr. Garcelon was raised a Whig, but he admired President Jackson for the firm stand he took against
nullification, and ailed himself for a time with the Democratic party. He was strongly opposed to the institution
of slavery, regarding it as a gigantic evil, and consequently he early became a Free Soiler. During the war he
was a Republican, but be could not support his party in some of its reconstruction measures, and more especially
was he opposed to the attempted impeachment of Andrew Johnson, deeming that action unfair and unwise, so he withdrew
and joined the Democratic party, of which he has been a prominent and active member to this time.
Dr. Garcelon represented Lewiston in the Legislature in 1853 and in 1857; was in the State Senate in He was Democratic
candidate for Congressman in 1868, and made an excellent run in his district, which has always been strongly Republican.
In 1871 he was elected Mayor of his city, he being the first Democratic Mayor of Lewiston. The Democratic party,
in 1878, tendered him the nomination for Governor of the State, but, there being three candidates in the field,
there was no election by the people. The duty of electing the Governor falling upon the Legislature, that body,
at the beginning of the session in 1879, chose Dr. Garcelon Governor, and he served his term with distinction and
ability. Political excitement at this time was intense throughout the State, and Governor Garcelon assumed his
positions on the questions of the day, with rare good judgment, and maintained them to the end with great firmness
and dignity, so that he secured the approval of his political friends, and the respect of his enemies.
In city and county affairs Dr. Garcelon has always taken a lively interest, and it is no exaggeration to say that
there is no man living to-day who has done more, during the past forty years, to promote the industrial and commercial
interests of Lewiston, and to make it what it is, than he. He built the first mill in Lewiston ó the Lincoln; was
influential in locating the Atlantic & St. Lawrence Railroad at Danville, and, later, the Maine Central, and
aided in promoting and building the Androscoggin Railroad. He was the first man to establish a newspaper in Lewiston.
In 1847, in company with the late W. H. Waldron, he started the Lewiston Journal. The County of Androscoggin was
formed, and the county seat located, mainly through his efforts, at Auburn. He is broad-minded and far-seeing,
positive in his opinions, and quick to act. His sense of justice and right is highly developed, and he is a deadly
foe, an outspoken enemy of all shams, humbugs, and false pretentious. Being social, kindly, frank, polite, and
agreeable in his manners, he is a fine example of the old school gentleman. As a citizen he is public-spirited,
and liberal, and his efforts to improve and build up his native city are unceasing.
Dr. Garcelon married, first, Ann Augusta, daughter of Job Philpot, of Somerswortb, N. H., by whom he had four children,
viz: Charles A., Ellen E., Alonzo M., and Edward L. Mrs. Garcelon died in December, 1857. January 13, 1859, the
Doctor married Olivia N., daughter of Captain A. Spear, of Rockland, Me. Mrs. Garcelon died some years ago, leaving
one daughter, Edith S Garcelon, who is now married.