JOSIAH H. DRUMMOND was born in Winslow, Me., August 30, 1827. His father was Clark
Drumrnond, a descendant of Alexander Drummond, one of a colony of Scotch-Irish Presbyterians who settled near the
mouth of the Kennebec River in 1729. His mother was Cynthia Blackwell, an estimable woman, from whom he inherited
many of his most admirable traits. He was named for Col. Josiah Hayden, the father of his paternal grandmother,
who was a Major in the Revolutionary Army.
Mr. Drummond was graduated at Waterville College (now Colby University) in 1846. He has been, for many years, a
Trustee of that Institution, and, for several years, President of the Board. In his student days he taught school,
and was Principal of both China and Vassalboro Academies. He read law in Waterville, and, after his admission to
the Bar, went to California in 1850. After a brief stay there he returned to Waterville, and became successor to
the law firm of Boutelle & Noyes, his late preceptors. He continued in business with much success until 1860,
when flattering offers and a wider field induced him to remove his office to Portland, where he has since resided,
doing a leading and prosperous business. He has held the position of Attorney-General of the State, City Solicitor
of Portland, has been, for several years, Clerk and Solicitor for the Maine Central Railroad, and Vice-President
and General Counsel of the Union Mutual Life Insurance Company. A seat on the Supreme Bench has more than once
been offered him, but declined.
Mr. Drummond entered political life as a Democrat, and, to all that the name implies, he has ever been thoroughly
loyal. He believed that African slavery was a local evil to be remedied by equitable measures, but not allowed
to extend, that moral suasion and mild laws were not sufficient restraint to the criminal use of stimulants. On
these points men differed, and their discussion caused a disruption of political affiliation. A new party was organized,
and the Whigs, Free Soil, and American parties were largely abandoned and the Democratic party divided in halves.
The new party called itself Republican, and Mr. Drummond was conspicuous in its first State Convention, and has
ever since been one of its most prominent leaders. He became a member of the House, and, in 1857, was its Speaker.
In 1859 he was elected to the Senate, and, in 1860, to be Attorney General, which position he held four years.
In i868 he was elected to represent Portland in the State Legislature, and again chosen Speaker of that body. He
is, probably, the only man in Maine who has declined to be a candidate in a Convention desirous of making him their
nominee for Governor, where the nomination was equivalent to election. In his politics Mr. Drummond is open, straightforward,
and unhesitating. His friends confide in him for they always know where to find him. His political opponents respect
him, for they know he is always above duplicity.
From his boyhood he was taught that the right to vote was one of the highest privileges of an American citizen
and carried with it a corresponding duty. Residing in a country town in which the old-fashioned New England town-meeting
existed, and in which it was held to be the duty of all good citizens to be present at these meetings, not merely
to vote, but to assist by their presence and counsel until the votes were sorted, counted, and declared in open
town-meeting," he got in the habit, before he was a voter, of attending and observing the proceedings,-a habit
which he maintained as long as he remained in a town, and almost all the time since he has lived in a city. It
is a matter of pride with him that he has been able to discharge what he regards as the highest duty of an American
citizen so fully, in having voted at every election, of every kind, since he became of age, except at two unimportant
elections, from one of which he was kept absent by his duties in the Legislature.
Mr. Drummond is deeply interested in historical and genealogical research; an active member of the Maine Historical,
Maine Genealogical, and kindred societies elsewhere. He was one of the founders, and is present Registrar, of the
Maine Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. He is also in hearty accord with many of the fraternal organizations,
especially that of Masonry, where he is widely known. He was iniated in Waterville Lodge in 1849, and is still
a member thereof. He has been at the head of the Supreme Council of the Northern Jurisdiction, the General Grand
Chapter, General Grand Council, and the Royal Order of Scotland for the United States, and all the grand bodies
in his own State. He is distinguished not only for the eminent stations he has successfully filled, but much more
so by reason of his Masonic writings. His various works in historical research respecting Masonry are held in high
esteem by the brotherhood, and his text-books are authority on all subjects of Masonic Jurisprudence.
Mr. Drummond married Elzada Rollins Bean, a daughter of Benjamin Wadleigh Bean, December 10, 1850. Three daughters
and one son grace the family circle. The son, named for his father, is now his partner in business.
In every relation of life Mr. Drummond is a man of mark-gifted mentally and physically, his career has been one
of great activity and usefulness. He is a comprehensive writer and an eloquent speaker, his own earnestness an
inspiration. His friends are as the sands of the sea, and the services of such a friend are constantly in demand,
and often given at sacrifice of personal comfort, and too often the demands of business. A publicspirited citizen,
a noble-hearted and generous friend, a timely adviser, whose counsel and assistance are never sought In vain.