SAMUEL HENDERSON ALLEN, only son of Samuel and Elizabeth Allen, was born October
17, 1826, in the town of Cushing, Knox County, Me. His paternal ancestors were of English origin, having emigrated
from Gloucester County, England, and settled at Gloucester, Mass., removing later to New Gloucester, Cumberland
County, Me., where his father was born. His maternal ancestors were of the Scotch-Irish stock. His mother, Elizabeth
Henderson, was born at Pleasant Point, Cushing, Me., and was an only daughter. Her father was a sea-captain, as
were also four of her brothers.
When the subject of this sketch was three years of age, his father purchased and moved on to a farm at "The
Meadows" (so called), in the town of Thomaston, Knox County, Me. He temained with his father, engaged at farming,
lumbering, and burning lime, during his minority. His advantages for education were limited to such as were then
afforded by the public schools of his town, supplemented by instruction at select schools at Thomaston and Rockland.
In 1847 he engaged at the Maine State Prison, serving one year as overseer in the lime quarry, under Warden Benjamin
Carr, and the following year as disciplinarian, under Warden Bennett. In 1850 he went to New Orleans, La., where,
after spending the following winter, he shipped, as mate, for Bordeaux, France, and on his return he re-shipped,
as mate, and made a second voyage to the same port. In 1833-4 he was employed by the Brunswick Canal and Lumber
Company, at Brunswick, Ga., as general superintendent, having in charge five hundred slaves, and with their help
building a canallock at Brunswick, also one twelve miles distant, on the Altamaha River, above Darien.
Returning to Thomaston in 1856, he was elected to the lower branch of the State Legislature as a Republican. In
1857 he contracted with Warden Hix, of the Maine State Prison, for the labor of the convicts. May 1, 1861, he was
appointed Deputy Collector of Customs of the Port of Thomaston. Resigning the following September, he enlisted
in the First Regiment, Maine Cavalry Volunteers, and was commissioned as Major; was promoted to Colonel of the
regiment, March z, 1862. He served in the Army of the Potomac, and in September, 1862, was appointed, by General
l3urnside, Military Governor of Frederick City, Md., where he remained until he resigned, in 1863, on account of
In the summer of 1863 he went to California, by the way of the Isthmus, where he spent a year traveling in that
State and in Nevada. Returning to New York, he was employed by Charles Gould and Amos Gaylord, of Wall Street,
New York City, to purchase mineral lands in West Virginia and Kentucky.
For three years, commencing in 1865, he was engaged in the oil business in Pennsylvania. From 1867 to 1876 he was
proprietor of the Stevens House, on Broadway, New York City. In 1877 he engaged in the manufacture of lumber, and
in the ice business on the Kennebec River, at Gardiner, where he remained until i888, when he was appointed Warden
of the Maine State Prison, which position he still occupies, having been reappointed in November, 1892.
At the organization of the Republican party he espoused its principles, and has since remained one of its most
active and earnest supporters. In 1885 he was elected to the State Senate from Knox County, and re-elected in 1887
for the succeeding term.
He is a member of P. Henry Tilison Post. G. A. R., at Thomaston, a member of the Cornmandery of Maine. "Military
Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States," and of the "Society of the Army of the Potomac."
In 1839 Colonel Allen married Miss M. Adelia, daughter of Joseph Ingraham of Rockland. They have one child, Lucy,
who is the wife of F. H. Tobey of Thomaston.