Orlean, MA
From: History of Plymouth County, MA
with Biographical Sketches
Compiled by Simeon D. Hamilton Hurd 1884

Avery, James H.
Cole, Josiah L.
Crosby, Winthrop M.
Cummings, Joseph H.
Doane, Beriah
Doane, John (Hon.)
Doane, Oliver
Doane, Lewis
Dodge, Gilbert A.
Freeman, Richard S.
Harding, Nehemaih S.
Higgins, Benjamin
Higgins, Eli S.
Higgins, Freeman 2d.
Higgins, Joseph L.
Higgins, Lot
Higgins, Thomas W.
Hopkins, Francis
Hopkins, Warren H.

Hurd, Davis
Hurd, Edward S.
Kenrick, Alfred
Kenrick, John
Kingman, Capt. Seth
Kingman, Matthew
Knowles, Ezra
Knowles, Theodore L.
Linnell, Dean S.
Linnell, Edmund
Linnell, Isaiah
Mayo, Benjamin
Mayo, Freeman
Mayo, Joseph K.
Mayo, Samuel
Newcomb, Alexander T.
Nickerson, Asa S.
Percival, James W.
Pierce, Marcus M.

Rogers, Eleazer
Rogers, Joseph W.
Shattuck, Carmi H.
Small, Eldridge F.
Smith, John M.
Smith, Joshua H.
Smith, Thomas
Snow, Aron
Snow, Calvin
Snow, Charles H.
Snow, Elkamab L.
Snow, Freeman
Snow, Freeman H.
Snow, Mark C.
Snow, Willis
Sparrow, Dean
Taylor, Captain Joseph
Young, Jonathan

James H. Arey, son of Joseph and Dorathea (Eldridge) Arey, and grandson of Thomas Arey, was born in 1815. He was for twenty-five years master of a vessel in the fruit trade. He retired from the sea some years ago, and for the last seventeen years he has owned and run a grist mill at Orleans. He was three years selectman, has been a member of the school committee since 1880, and has held other town offices. He married Tempy, daughter of Joseph Atkins. She died, leaving six children: Benjamin L., Rebecca, James O. (deceased),. Jane, Austin and Sarah E. His second wife was Mrs. Susan Wade, daughter of Lewis Phillips.

Josiah L. Cole, son of Ephraim and Mehitabel (Linnell) Cole, was born in 1834. From 1846 until 1873 he followed the sea, after which he was on the Orleans United States life saving station fourteen winters. He married Celistia M., daughter of Joseph and Sally (Ward) Weekes, of Harwich, she being the ninth generation from George Weekes, the pioneer. They have four children: Idella W, Everett A., Mabel D. and Lettice.

Winthrop M. Crosby, born in 1840, is a son of Joshua, grandson of Joshua, and great-grandson of Joshua Crosby. He has been a marble and granite worker at Orleans since 1860. He has been a member of the board of selectmen since 1882. He married Etta F., daughter of Jabez C. Ryder. They have one son, Orville W.

Joseph H. Cummings, born in 1840, is a son of Joseph and Hannah H. (Knowles) Cummings, and grandson of Daniel and Lydia (Sparrow) Cummings. Mr. Cummings has been a merchant at Orleans since 1861. He married Helen C. Linnell, and has six children: Ebenezer L., Henry K., Francis C., Helen J., Mary C. and George.

Beriah Doane, son of Beriah and Elizabeth (Cole) Doane, and grandson of Timothy Doane, was born in 1829. He is a farmer, and owns and occupies the homestead of his father. He married Ruth E., daughter of Joseph K. and Betsey (Sears) Mayo, and has one son,. Beriah W.

Hon. JOHN DOANE. - This lawyer, mentioned at page 210, died in Orleans March 23, 1881. He was the sixth child of Timothy and Jedidab (Higgins) Doane. He was not in the habit of pleading his cases in court, but when there was occasion secured the services of Nymphas Marston or some other person. He was especially known and consulted as a conveyancer and counsellor. He was noted for his good judgment, honesty and an earnest desire for the welfare of the community. He was familiarly known all over the Cape as "Squire Doane," and was universally respected and loved. He was a friend to young men, helping them to obtain an education, his own opportunities in that direction having been limited. He was an "academy builder," being deeply interested in general education and having eight children of his own to educate. He was one of the earliest, if not the very first, to engage in arboriculture in the country, and planted many acres of old lands to pines and oaks.

November 23, 1820, he was married to Polly, daughter of Barnabas and Zipporah Eldridge. She wasborn July 28. 1796, and died January 3, 1875: They had eight children: Thomas, born September 20, 1821, a civil engineer, prominently identified with the work on the Hoosac Tunnel, and now living in Charlestown. His first wife, married November 5, 1850, was Sophia Den nison Clark. She died December 5, 1868, and he was married to Louisa A. Barber November 19, 1870. Caroline, born August 14, 1823, married Captain A. H. Knowles April 4, 1849, and died -December 30, 1882; John, jr., born April 28, 1825, married Almira C. Starkweather January 1, 1853, died August 25, 1873; Martha, born September 13, 1827; Mary, born August 17, 1829, married Captain Seth Doane, who died February 16, 1877; Lucy, born September 13, 1831, died November 22, 1849; Henry, born January 22, 1834, a law graduate of Harvard, served one year as captain in the war of the rebellion, and died September 2, 1865, of disease contracted in the service; and Charles Watson Doane, born July 9, 1840, married Mary Appleton Doane June 13, 1877, living in Crete, Neb.

Hon. John Doane was a descendant in the sixth generation from Dea. John of Plymouth, who settled in Eastham in 1644. It is believed that the ancestors of the family were Northmen and went over from Normandy to England with William the Conqueror. The Doane crest is made up of five arrows, indicating that they might have been the king's foresters: and their motto is" Omnia miki dona Dei" -"All my gifts are from God." Dea. John Doane was assistant to Governor Thomas Prénce in 1633. Hon. John Doane, a few years before his death, set up a granite post by the side of the cellar hole of the house in which Dea. John Doane once lived, with the inscription, "John Doane here in 1644." He also found stone posts with the initials I D and a large rock on the Nauset beach with the same initials, marking the boundaries of Dea. John's estate. John Doane, jr., a son of Dea. John, by wife Abigail, was born about 1634, and married Hannah Bangs. Their son, Samuel, born March 2, 1673, married Martha Hamblen December 30, 1696. Dea. Simeon Doane, son of Samuel and Martha, was born in 1708 and married Appbia Higgins in 1730. Their son, (Deacon) John, born about 1739, married Betty Snow about 1761, and their son, Timothy, born May 13, 1762, was the father of the subject of this sketch. Timothy Doane married Jedidah Higgins March 7,1781. They had twelve children,one of whom died in infancy. Timothy Doane died January 19, 1822, and his wife died March 4, 1847.

OLIVER DOANE.-A prominent figure in the early history of this part of Cape Cod was John Doane, of Eastham, who settled there in 1644. He bore the title of deacon, that insignia of Puritan importance, and is known in history by this title; and has been referred to in Pratt's History of Eastham as dying in. that town at the advanced age of 106 years. He and Governor Prince were the only ones of the seven first settlers of Nauset whom the records dignify with the title of Mr. He came to New England early, but not in the ship Fortune, as Rev. Pratt stated, neither did he come in either of the first three vessels. The tradition also regarding his remarkable age has been widely copied, and very generally accepted as true. The fact is, he died February 21, 1686. His will was made May 18, 1678, in which be declared his age as "88 or thereabouts." This will was admitted to probate June 2, 1686.

The male line of descent from the deacon to the subject of this sketch, inclusive, is John, John, Samuel, Deacon Simeon, John, Timothy, Lewis and Oliver. Timothy. the grandfather of Oliver, was born in 1762, and in Orleans reared eleven children: Beriah, Lewis, Timothy, John. Isaac, Nancy, Abigail, Hetty, Betsey, Sally and Melinda. -These became heads of families, and, excepting Melinda, died in Orleans. -

Lewis Doane was born September 24, 1787, on the site now occupied by his son, Oliver, the old home having been removed and the present one built earlyin the present century. He owned and was interested in many thousand feet of salt works along the farm shore. He married Tamzen, daughter of Dea. Abner Freeman, on the 19th of March, 1812. Their eight children were: Captain Truman, born December 28,1812; Lewis, jr., born February 28, 1815; Freeman, December 23, 1816, who died young; Freeman, April 7, 1819; Julia .A., September 1, 1821; Tamzen, May 10, 1825; Benjamin, July 3, 1827; and Oliver, born December 10, 1831.

Truman, the eldest of these, adopted a sea-faring life, and arose to prominence as a master. On his retirement frcm sea, during the years he remained in the town, he served two terms in the legislature and several years as selectman. Soon after the close of the rebellicn be removed to Florida, purchased a cotton plantation, and there died in 1881, leaving six children: Captain Alfred, Adelia. Victoria, Thankful, Leander and Tamzen.

Lewis, jr., the second son, was a merchant and farmer of note, who subsequently removed to Florida; but returned to Marblehead, where he died, leaving a son -- Elisha C. Doane.

Freeman was a merchant in Orleans. filling the office of representative two terms, and that of selectman for fourteen years, acting as chairman the greater part of the time, and which office lie held at his death. He died at Orleans, leaving two daughters -- Olive and Ella -- and Alliston. a son.

Julia A. marrfed Leander Crosby, of Orleans, on the ninth of May, 1844. and has since resided in the town. Mr. Crosby served in the general court as representative, and was a delegate to the ccnventicn for the revision of the constitution. He died March 1, 1872, leaving a daughter -- Mary Celia Crosby.

Tamzen married Clarington Mayo, of Victor, N. Y.,-a former resident of the Cape -- on the 17th of January, 1871, and was left a widow March 6, 1873. She subsequently removed to Orleans, and now resides with her sister. Mrs. Crosby.

Benjamin died when a young man, and unmarried.

Oliver, the youngest of the children, was educated at Orleans and Harwich, remaining with his father on the homestead. He was married March 11, 1873, to Sarah C. Harding, daughter of Prince S., and granddaughter of Epbraim, who was direct in the line from Joseph, who came from Eastham in 1644 with Dea. John Doane, his uncle.

Mr. Doane still occupies the ancestral estate' in that quiet, social manner peculiar to him, unmolested by the cares of cifice or business beyond that of his farm and dairy, of which he has made a success. The emoluments of office have no charm for him, and knowing there are others equally as capable, as well as willing, to administer the affairs of the town, he declines. In his political preferences be firmly supports the cause of the republican party, and to the Methodist Episcopal church be renders material aid. In his meridian. surounded by the refinements of the present day, and in the companionship of an excellent wife, this worthy representative of that ancient family is passing the afternoon of his life in that home so dear.

Gilbert A. Dodge, of Orleans, Mass.. was born in Farmington, Me., in 1839. His father was William, son of Benjamin Dodge. Gilbert A. was in the late war nine months with Company I., Third Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, and since his discharge frcm the service his occupation has been railroad repairs and constructions. He has lived in Orleans since 1865, was married in 1866, to Sarah W. Gould and has one daughter, Carrie Gould Dodge. His wife was a daughter of Captain Nathaniel Gould, who was lost at sea in 1856 on a foreign voyage. He was one of the ablest men of the town. His wife was Hannah K. Crosby, by whom he had five children-two sons and three daughters. Joshua was a veteran in the late war in Company F.. Twenty-fourth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, from 1862 to the time of his death, which occurred April 4. 1864, at United States General Hospital, New York. Captain Nathaniel followed the sea and was master of the ships Agcncr and Conqucror for years, and is now a resident of Petaluma, Cal.. where he is general manager and owner of a steamboat line from Petaluma to San Francisco. Nancy B. is married to Cyrus 3. Littlefield of Natick. where they now reside, and Theresa M. to Eldonis A. Hopkins of East Orleans.

Richard S. Freeman, son of James and Mercy (Sparrow) Freeman, and grandson of John Freeman, was born in 1831. He began going to sea at the age of fourteen, continuing until 1872, having been in command of a fishing vessel about twelve years, and is now a farmer. He is a member of the Congregational church. He married Olive G., daughter of Sylvanus and Olive (Linnell) Snow. Their children are: Albert A., Julietta W. and Olive M.

Nehemiah S. Harding, son of Henry and Almira (Smith) Harding, and grandson of Ephraiin Harding. was born in 1842, and has followed the sea since 1857. He married Ellen A., daughter of Clarington and Effie (Rogers) Smith, and granddaughter of Asa Smith. Mrs. Harding is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church.

Benjamin Higgins, son of Benjamin and Tamesin (Rogers) Higgins, grandson of Moses Higgins, and great-grandson of Elnathan Higgins, was born in 1827. and has worked at the shoemaker's trade since 1847. He married Azubah S., daughter of Dean S. Nickerson.

Eli S. Higgins, son of Judah and Betsey (Small) Higgins, and grandson of Samuel Higgins, was born in 1824. He is a farmer and engaged in shipping clams to Boston. He was several years a member of the school committee. He married Laura A. Nickerson, who died, as did also her only son. He married for his second wife, Mehitabel. daughter of Adnah Rogers. She died, leaving four child. ren: Enos 0. (deceased), Charles E., Josiah F. and Laura M.

Freeman Higgins, 2d, only surviving child of Eliakim and Rebecca F. (Kingman) Higgins, grandson of Eliakim, and great-grandson of Eliakim Higgins, was born in 1832. He was a carriage maker and cabinet maker from 1851 until 1885, and since that time he has been a farmer, owning and occupying the homestead of his father, grandfather and great-grandfather. He married Bathiab B. Warren, who died leaving one daughter, Alice H.

Joseph L. Higgins is a son of Jabez and Alice (Linnell) Higgins, and grandson of Moses Higgins. He married Eliza D., daughter of David and Polly (Doane) Snow, and granddaughter of Stephen Snow. Their only child, Washington S., was born in 1844. He followed the fishing business for twenty years, and for the last six years has been a farmer.

Lot Higgins, born in 1809, is a son of Lot and Mercy (Sparrow) Higgins, and grandson of Lot Higgins. He began going to sea at the age of eleven years, attained to master of a fisherman at the age of twenty-one, continuing at sea until 1854. After being a grain merchant for eight years he began keeping a general store at East Orleans, where he has also been postmaster since 1862. He was representative to the legislature in 1872 and 1873. He married Sevillie, daughter of Isaac Snow. They have two children living-Mercy and Sparrow; three having died -- Lot S., and two in infancy.

Thomas W. Higgins, son of Thomas and Susan (Snow) Higgins, and grandson of Thomas Higgins, was born in 1842. At the age of fourteen he began going to sea, and since 1870 has been master of coasting vessels. He is a member of the Orleans Congregational church. He married Deborah C., daughter of Samuel and Deborah (Snow) Sparrow, and grand-daughter of Samuel Sparrow. They had one daughter, Ellen J., who died at the age of twelve years.

Francis Hopkins, son of Davis and Thankful (Myrick) Hopkins, grandson of Elkanah; and great-grandson of Joshua Hopkins, was born in 1834. He followed the sea in early life, and has been superintendent of government works in Boston harbor since 1871. He married Abigail', daughter of Joshua' and Dorinda (Cole) Sparrow, granddaughter of Joshua 7, (Richard 6, Isaac 5, Richard 4, Richard 3, Jonathan 2, Richard Sparrow 1). They have two sons-Francis W. and Charles W.

Warren H. Hopkins, son of Edward and Mary A. (Doane) Hopkins, and grandson of Moses Hopkins, was born in 1845, in Brewster, and came to Orleans in 1868, where he has carried on a wagon, paint, and blacksmith shop since that time. He married Hannah R., daugh ter of Joshua Nickerson. Their children are: Abel I., Mary M. and Warren M.

Davis Hurd, son of Zenas and Salome (Higgins) Hurd, and grandson of Joseph Hurd, was born in 1815. He was a sea captain from 1836 to 1842, and from that time until his death in 1881 be kept a variety store and livery stable at Orleans. He married Rebecca, daughter of Thomas, and granddaughter of Joshua Gould. Their children are: Emma F., D. A. and Flora E.

Edward S. Hurd, son of Luther and Olive (Linnell) Hurd, was born in 1827. He followed the sea from 1836 until 1868, when he went to Tiverton, R. I., where he was engaged in the oil business for eighteen years. He married Paulina, daughter of Sears Rogers. Their two children are: Paulina S. and Edward E.

ALFRED KENRICK. -- By the earliest records of Boston it is found that four brothers, ancestors of the Kenricks in America, came in 1633 from York, England, to this continent. John, the eldest, settled at Roxbury, Mass., afterward removing to Newtons where have been reared many notable descendants; another settled in New Hampshire, from whom descended divines and literary men well known in northern New England and the Middle states; another went south, from whom the Kenricks, of Georgia, and other southern states descended; and Edward, the youngest, came to Cape Cod about 1640, settling on the spot a little west of where Luther Hurd lived, removing later to the old Kenrick place in South Orleans, then a portion of Harwich. He was a wealthy trader and on this homestead, which was once occupied by the subject of this sketch, and still is in part, by other descendants, he reared three Sons: Thomas, Solomon and Jonathan. Of these, Thomas and Solomon settled in Harwich, but the latter subsequently sold to Thomas and moved to Nova Scotia. The Kenricks of Harwich are descendants of Thomas. Of Solomon's two sons -- John and Solomon -- the elder attained an enviable position in the command of a privateer during the revolutionary war, and was the first American who circumnavigated the globe. He discovered the Columbia river, which he named from his ship, the columbia, of which he was master.

Jonathan, the youngest son of Edward, was educated at Cambridge, and became an eminent physician. He married Tabitha Eldridge, of Chatham, and died at the age of thirty-six, leaving three Sons: Samuel, Warren A. and Jonathan, whose mother subsequently married Theophilus Hopkins. Samuel, the eldest son of Doctor Jonathan, studied medicine with Doctor Breed and became eminent in the practice in Orleans. He had three sons and three daughters. Jonathan. the eldest of the sons of Doctor Samuel, married Betsey Rogers of Harwith, and of their twelve children eleven lived to an adult age, settling in various sections, with various occupations.

Alfred Kenrick, the eighth of these, was born at Orleans May 30, 1800. His own record of his school days is the best: "I remember that at the age of six I was sent to a private school kept in a little porch connected with the house of Dea. Judali Rogers where I was taught by a maiden lady-the deacon's daughter. The seats, were constructed of unpianed boards resting on blocks of wood. The length of the term depended on the amount of money subscribed, and although the teacher's wages only averaged eighty cents per week, the term seldom exceeded ten or twelve weeks. About two years later I attended the public school, having its winter term taught by a male teacher -- a term usually of ten weeks. Then followed the embargo act with its effect to cut off all trade; then the war of 1812, which filled up the measure of depression, then I decided to work in Almey, Brown & Slater's cotton factory, in Smithfield, R. I., where I continued until the peace. In the spring of 1815, I went to Providence and shipped on board the schooner Joseph, as one of her crew, commencing my occupation of a seafaring life."

He sailed in eight vessels as a common sailor, in three as second officer and in six brigs and ships as first officer, attaining the command of the new ship courser when he was twenty-seven years old, after which he was in command of and owner in ten other vessels: Eugene, Margaret, Bramin, Brookline, Boston, Tenedos, Plymouth, Norman, Stanthoul and Osmatili. In the last named vessel he circumnavigated the globe, passing Cape of Good Hope to Melbourne, thence to Callao, around Cape Horn to New Orleans and to Boston, where he arrived June 18, 1854. He had then crossed the Atlantic 108 times, besides his many voyages to the West Indies, Brazil and other parts of South America, and to the Cape Verde, Madeira, Azores and Western islands. As boy and man the captain must have traversed more miles of ocean, within about two score years, than usually falls to the lot of an individual. He then turned agriculturist, which he continued through the remainder of his active life.

He was early commissioned a justice of the peace, which office he held many years, but in 1862, when he received his last commission from Governor Andrews, he was informed that the law had been made that before the person could swear in he must pay five dollars into the state treasury, whereupon he tore the commission into fragments, as he "never bought or paid for office." He was selectman several, years and chairman of the board; was many years on the school board, but when acting with a large committee to hire teachers he found each member had a neice, aunt, daughter or sister who must teach, then he resigned. In 1856 he was elected senator, which office he satisfactorily filled one term. He never sought office, and so tenacious was he of what he thought right that unless he was allowed to act up to his own convictions a resignation followed. When he was appointed deputy sheriff, under David Bursley, he soon found that serving writs of attachment upon the property of poor people did not just accord with his feelings, and he resigned. He has acted upon committees for building school houses, churches and other public buildings, the last being the Snow library building in 1877.

The captain was married January 4, 1825, to Almina, daughter of David Taylor, and of their seven children those who lived to manhood and womanhood are noticed in the four following paragraphs.

Alfred Kenrick, jr., born in October, 1825, married Sarah B. Gleason. He built up a very large business in Brookline, Mass., where he died in 1885, leaving his business to his two Sons: Alfred E. and Moses F. He was much respected in that city, and his loss was deeply de plored. He also left another son, George R , and a daughter, Mary E.

David T. was born in 1830, and married Amanda Gibbs. They have one son, David A., who has a wife and two children, all living in Brookline. Mary T., born in 1841, married George H. Moss, and died in 1871. She left two children: Fred H. and Mary A. Moss.

Eliza F.,born in 1844, married Asa Smith of Orleans, who is a ship captain now residing in Boston.

Captain Kenrick's first wife died January 11, 1879, and in February of the following year he married Mrs. Adaline B. Walker, who died November 27, 1889, leaving two daughters of her first marriage, who kindly care for Captain Kenrick at his borne.

In giving this brief history of this worthy old gentleman it is plain to see that the full details of his voyages and even an epitome of his many noble acts would fill a volume. He has stood firm and upright in the religious, civil and private relations of life, and at the age of ninety is as firm and consistent as ever. He has always acted in politics with the democratic party, and was among the first to put pen to paper in 1825 for the call of a. meeting to organize the tniversalist society of Orleans, which fact indicates his religious views. Where he was then in his views he is to-day. Hume, in his history of England, speaks of the Kenricks in the sixth century, and like his ancestor, Alfred of England, no circumstances could deflect Captain Alfred of the present time from a straightforward and upright course.

John Kenrick. The ancestry of this citizen of South Orleans is along the line to the Saxon Edward Kenrick, mentioned in the biography of Captain Alfred Kenrick. The Jonathan who settled at South Orleans married Hannah Cole and reared, among others, a son John, born May 18, 1781, who married Rebecca Sparrow on the seventh of December, 1804. He was a prominent man, filling various town trusts, representing his town in the legislature, and was instrumental in saving his town from the heavy exactions of the British cruisers of 1812. This John reared three children -- Sophia, who married Elisha Cobb: Reuben, who married M. F. Anderson, and John, the postmaster and merchant of South Orleans, who resides on the ancestral estate, where he was born August 19, 1819. In early life he taught school, and for forty years has constantly filled offices in his town. He was sent to the legislature in 1852 and 1853 by the unanimous vote of his townsmen. In commissions for the preservation of harbors and forests be has been prominent, filling with honor more places of trust than usually are credited to his townsmen. He married Thankful Crosby July 30, 1843, and. their deceased children are Sophia, Emma, Eva and Alice T.; the surviving ones being Clara, Rebecca and John Kenrick, jr., the latter assisting his father in his business affairs.

CAPTAIN SETH K. KINGMAN, whose engraved likeness is presented on the opposite page, is a retired shipmaster, and a highly respected citizen of Orleans, in which town be was born March 9, 1822. He commenced his seafaring life at the age of ten years on board of a fishing vessel, like most of the boys of that period, and for ten successive years made a trip to the Grand Bank. Disliking this branch of seafaring business, at the age of twenty years he entered tbe.merchant service "before the mast." It was not long, however, before be became a chief officer, visiting the principal seaports of the world. In 1851, while first officer of the barque Stamboul, of which his brother, Simeon, was master, the first cargo of ice from Boston to Egypt was delivered at Alexandria, it having been purchased by the government. In 1856, after having made two voyages in the barque Katc Hastings, in the employ of H. Hastings & Co., in the India trade, as chief officer, be was given the command, and went to the west coast of South America, and upon returning to Boston the vessel was chartered by the government to carry stores to Hong Kong. From Hong Kong he took a cargo for Shanghai, and from that place, with a cargo of tea, he returned to New York in 1858.

Again sailing for Shanghai, he remained on the coast of China and in the China sea, visiting all the open ports of China, Japan and the island of Formosa, until the year 1863, when, selling his vessel at Singapore, he returned to Boston, took command of the barque Nonantum and with a cargo of eighteen hundred tons of coal sailed for San Francisco. The coal was sold there for sixty-five dollars per ton to the steamship line between New York and San Francisco, via Nicaragua, and was delivered at San Juan Del Sur. Sailing for Chinca islands, he took a cargo for Rotterdam. After several voyages to different seaports in Europe and Asia, he returned to New York. When the new ship Cashmere was ready for sea, in 1868, he took command, and again engaged in the India and China trade until 1873, when he retired from seafaring life, and returned to his native town, where be now resides, enjoying the pleasures of a quiet and pleasant home, after so many years of an active life upon the sea. Of his forty years of sea life -- thirty of them in the merchant service-visiting all parts of the world, be has never been wrecked, never lost a mast, or sustained serious injury, which, indeed, is remarkable.

Captain Kingman is a descendant, in the eighth generation, of Henry Kingman, who came to Lbis country from Wales and settled in Weymouth in 1632. Simeon Kingman, Esquire, grandfather of Cap tain Kingman, and the first of the name who settled on the Cape, was the eldest son of Matthew Kingman, and was born in that part of old Bridgewater, now Brockton, May '27, 1756. He married Rebecca, daughter of Major Gideon Freeman, of Eastham, October 15, 1778, and after a few years' residence in his native town, he removed to Plymouth and engaged in mercantile business. From this place, about 1788, he removed to that part of Eastham now Orleans, took up his residence, engaging in farming and business of a public character. Being a man of snore than ordinary abilities, energetic and public spirited. he soon became a leading man of the place. He was the leading magistrate from 1794 a great number of years; postmaster for many years before 1811; adjutant of the Second regiment of Massachusetts militia for many years before 1820; representative frcm Eastham in 1796 and 1797, and also from Orleans, after its separation from Eastham, in 1798, 1799, 1810 and in 1811. He died at Orleans January 28, 1828. His wife. Rebecca, died in 1822. He was the eldest brother of Hon. Abel Kingman and Eliaphiet Kingman, Esq., leading men in North Bridgewater, now Brockton, half a century ago. The children of Simeon Kingman and wife, Rebecca, were: Rebecca, born in Bridgewater March 24, 1780, died August 10, 1786; Freeman, born in Bridgewater September 4, 1781, drowned January 14, 1793; Polly, born in Plymouth, August 14, 1783, married Rev. Martin Alden, of Yarmouth, October 29, 1810; Patty, born in Bridgewater. January 1, 1786, married Dr. Oliver Ford September 23, 1809; Matthew, born in Eastham July 22, 1789, married Mercy Kenrick November 30, 1808, died October 20, 1848; Rebecca, born in Eastham October 11, 1791, died October 13, 1791.

Matthew Kingman, son of Simeon Kingman, Esq., and father of Captain Kingman, was a prominent citizen of Orleans. He was selectman, coroner and postmaster, and was holding the latter office at the time of his death, which occurred very suddenly, while from home on the morning of October 20, 1848. He was a member of the Universalist church, and a man of high moral character. He married Mercy, daughter of Captain Jonathan and Betsey Kenrick, and granddaughter of Dr. Samuel Kenrick, November 30, 1808. She died September 17, 1857, aged sixty-five. Their children were: Rebecca F., born October 10, 1809, married Eliakim Higgins of Orleans; Betsey K., born February 2, 1812, married Josiah Y. Paine of Harwich;Freeman, born May 26, 1814, married Elvira Corcoran, and died August 10, 1882; Overy, born March 28,1816, and died in infancy; Simeon, born December 22, 1817, married Patia Knowles, and died at sea while in command of barque Rebecca Goddard, November 15, 1860; Alfred, born February 24, 1820, died in infancy; Seth K., born March 9, 1822; Isabel M. born July 31, 1825, married Fred. Percival, died January 14, 1674; Alonzo H., born December 18, 1827, married Sarah T. Mayo, died at sea while in command of the barqne Great Surgcon, March 22, 1880; Eliza M., born January 18, 1831, married N. C. Young: Matthew, born October 29, 1834, died February 13, 1858.

Ezra Knowles, only surviving son of Ezra and Elizabeth S. (Rogers) Knowles, and grandson of David Knowles, was born in 1836, and has been a carpenter since 1855. He owns and occupies his father's home-. stead. He has been fifteen years a member of the official board of. the Orleans Methodist Episcopal church. His first marriage was with Eunice S. Gould. He married for his second wife Thankful,. daughter of James Lincoln. They have two children living -- Lizzie M. and Clarence E. They lost one son -- Arthur I.

Theodore L. Knowles, son of Paul and Susan (Thomas) Knowles, and grandson of Isaiah Knowles, was born in Truro in 1833, and moved to Boston with his parents in 1841. In 1849 he entered a shoe firm as salesman, and in 1858, he began shoe manufacturing, which he continued until 1869, when he came to Orleans, where he has been engaged in agricultural pursuits since that time. He married Harriet C., daughter of Joel Snow. She died leaving six children:. Nellie T., Albert L., Ruth M., Hattie, Susie G. and Fred.

Dean S. Linnell, son of Dean G. and Mehitabel F. (Rogers) Linnell, grandson of Elkanah, and great-grandson of Elkanah Linñell, was born in 1846. From 1862 until 1887 be was at sea engaged in the oyster and fishing trade, being captain eighteen years. He has four brothers and sisters living: Albert, Abbie, Ida and Orissa. He mar ried Emogene, daughter of Sidney Eldridge. Dean G. Linnell has a silver medal which was awarded him by the Massachusetts Humane Society, for services 'which he rendered to the wrecked ship Orissa, on the Orleans shore in 1857. Mr. Linnell's father was twice married. His first wife was Deborah Linnell, who had one child-Francis. Linnell.

Edmund Linnell, son of Edmund and grandson of Edmund Linnell, was born in 1833. He was a master mariner for about twelve years prior to 1870, and since that time he has been a farmer. He married Bethiah B., daughter of Harvey and Betsey (Snow) Sparrow,. granddaughter of Josiah Sparrow.

David Snow, son of David, and grandson of Stephen Snow, was born in 1822. He was a master mariner from 1845 until he retire& from the sea in 1885. He married Betsey S., daughter of Harvey Sparrow. She died, leaving two children: Heman R. and David A.. His second marriage was with Sarah L. Smith.

Isaiah Linnell, born in 1813, is a son of Solomon and Polly (Harding;) Linnell, and grandson of Josiah Linnell. He followed the sea. from 1822 until 1867, and since that time has been engaged at carpenter work. He married Pattie, daughter of John and Joanna (Higgins' Gould. They have four children: Adelaide, Eunice, Maria and Isaiah, jr. They lost six children.

Benjamin Mayo, son of Samuel and Delilah (Rogers) Mayo, grandson of Theophulus, and great-grandson of Theophilus Mayo, was born in 1837. He was fourteen years engaged in the fishing business, and since 1866 has been a farmer. He married Lucy B., daughter of Franklin Smith. She died leaving two children-Mary J. and Walter H. His second marriage was with Mrs. Paulina S. Sparrow, a daughter of Dean S. Sparrow. She bad one daughter by her former marriage-Mary 0. Sparrow.

Freeman Mayo, born in 1812, is the youngest child of Theophilus and Ruth (Freeman) Mayo. He was town clerk and treasurer from 1864 until 1889, constable and collector for sixteen years prior to 1889, and has held several minor town offices. He married Hannah, daughter of Richard Higgins. They have one adopted daughter, Mary I.

Joseph K. Mayo 8, born in 1828, is a son of Joseph K. 7, and Betsey (Sears) Mayo. grandson of Uriah 6 (Thomas 5, Samuel 4, John 3, John 2, Rev. John Mayo 1). Mr. Mayo is a farmer, owning and occupying the homestead of his father and grandfather. He married Susan M., daughter of James L. and Sukey (Crosby) Sparrow, and a sister of Benjamin C. Sparrow.

Samuel Mayo, oldest son of Samuel and Delilah (Rogers) Mayo, and grandson of Theophilus Mayo, was born in 1830. He followed the sea from 1845 until 1872, and since that time has been a farmer. He has been member of the board of selectmen since 1887. He married Mrs. Phebe S. Walker, daughter of Thomas L. Mayo, granddaughter of Heman Mayo, and great-granddaughter of Jonathan Mayo. They have two children: George A. and Louisa IZ. Mrs. Mayo had two sons by her former marriage: Arthur E. and Elbridge M. Walker.

Alexander T. Newcomb, born in 1842, is a son of Thomas S. and Julia (Snow) Newcomb. He has been a merchant at Orleans since 1860. He has been a member of the board of selectmen since 1878, and is a director in the Barnstable County Mutual Insurance Company. He married Esther G., daughter of Freeman Sherman.

Asa S. Nickerson, son of Josiah and Eunice (Smith) Nickerson, and grandson of Joshua Nickerson, was born in 1828. He followed the sea in. the coasting and fishing business from 1838 until 1882, as master eleven years. He married Laura A. Gould, who died leaving one daughter, Lettie H. (Mrs. S. L. Eldridge). He married for his second wife Mrs. Jane S. Gould, daughter of Harvey Sparrow. She had one son by her former marriage -- Josiah 0. Gould.

James W. Percival is a son of James, and grandson of James Percival. He married Chloe, daughter of Joseph C. and Harriet (Snow) Mayo. They had four children: Mary C., Joseph W., Henry M. and Hattie S.

Marcus M. Pierce, son of Joseph and Sarah (Bassett) Pierce, was born in Chatham, in 1840. He was master mariner from 1861 to 1870. He was keeper of the Nauset tnited States Life Saving station for six years, and since 1880 has been keeper of the Orleans station. He is a member of the Masonic order. He married Mercy 0., daughter of Willis Snow. They have one daughter-Sadie W., and lost one-Ina M.

Eleazer Rogers, son of Eleazer and Elizabeth Rogers, and grandson of Hezekiah Rogers, was born in 1815. He followed the sea from 1829 until 1878, thirty years of the time as commander of a fisherman. He is at present engaged in farming and shipping clams and quabaugs to New York and Boston. He married Rebecca, daughter of John Walker, of Harwich. She died leaving three children-Sarah W., Rebecca F. and George W. They lost one daughter, Tamesin J.

Joseph W. Rogers, born January 20, 1828, is the eldest son of Alvah, grandson of Richard and great-grandson of Gideon Rogers. His mother was Lucy, daughter of Prince Rogers. Mr. Rogers followed the sea from the age of eleven until 1865, and was for twelve years engaged in the provision business. He was representative in the legislature in 1888, was several years selectman, also a member of the school commiWee, and is now deputy sheriff. He married Temperance, daughter of Joseph L. Rogers. They have had nine children; three of whom are living- Howard W., Joseph L. and Earnest W.

Carmi H. Shattuck, son of Abel and Abigail (Nickerson) Shattuck, grandson of Luke M. and great-grandson of Abel Shattuck, was born in 1852. He has kept a livery stable in Orleans since 1870. He married Emily S. daughter of Nathaniel and Barbara Rogers. Mr. Shattuck's father was a blacksmith by trade, and kept a hotel in Orleans from 1862 until his death in 1886. He built the Shattuck House.

Eldridge F. Small, only surviving child of John and Charlotte Small, grandson of John, great-grandson of William, and great-greatgrandson of Benjamin Small, was born in 1842. He began going to sea at the age of twelve years, was in the LTnited States navy from February, 1864, to September, 1865, and for the last twelve seasons he has been running a yacht. He is a member of the Frank D. Hammond Post, G. A. R. He married Abigail, daughter of James Smith.

John M. Smith, son of Lewis and grandson of Lewis Smith, was born in 1846. His mother was Mehitabel, daughter of Myric Smith. He has carried on a restaurant and bakery business in Orleans since 1868. He is a member of the Orleans Methodist Episcopal church, and a prohibitionist. He married Paulina S., one of fifteen children of Bangs and Olive (Crosby) Taylor. They have had five children. all of whom died.

Joshua H. Smith, son of Alvin and Eliza (Gould) Smith, and grandson of Josiah Smith, was born in 1829. He followed the sea from 1840 to 1870, as master twenty years. He married Dorcas, daughter of Nathaniel Freeman. They have one daughter, Ada B. Mr. Smith is a member of the school committee.

Thomas Smith, son of Sylvanus and Persis (Rogers) Smith, was born in 1839. He was for eighteen years a merchant at Orleans, re. tiring in 1887. He married Clara A., daughter of Joseph and Hannah (Knowles) Cummings. They have one son-Thomas A. -

Aaron Snow, son of Sylvanus and Olive (Linnell) Snow, and grandson of Aaron Snow, was born in 1825, and followed the sea several years in early life. He carried on a grain, coal and grocery store at the Orleans depot for ten years, and since that time be has run a schooner from here to New York and kept a grain and coal store on the town cove. He built a large residence near his grain store in 1880. He married Mary J. Tutty, and has had six children: Aaron A., William H., George F., Icie J., A. Lizzie and Alice R.

CALVIN SNOW. - The subject of this sketch is descended from Nicholas Snow, who came over in the Ann in 1623. Nicholas married Constance, a daughter of Stephen Hopkins, who came over with her father in the Mayflower. Nicholas was one of a company who settled in Eastham in 1644, where he died November 15, 1671. He was a useful and prominent man of the new settlement; was three years deputy to the colony court, seven years selectman and sixteen years town clerk of Eastham. His son, Stephen, married Susanna Doane, and their son, Micajah,born in 1669, married Mary Young. Their son, Jesse, born 1709, married Louis Freeman, and they had a son, Ed. mund, born in 1752, who married Mary Clark of Brewster. Edmund's son, Jesse, born June 15, 1791, married Patty, daughter of Eliakim and Sarah Higgins. They were married in 1816, and both Jesse and his wife died in 1872. Jesse Snow was for several years captain of the packet running between Orleans and Boston. He had three sons: Calvin, Jesse and Reuben H. Jesse was born in 1826 and died in 1888; Reuben H., born in 1827, died in 1862.

Calvin Snow was born November 12, 1818. He enjoyed the ordinary educational advantages of Cape Cod boys. At the age of fourteen be went to sea in the milder months of the year; this be continued until he was seventeen years old, when be learned the tinpiate and hardware trade, and at an early age he established himself in the stove, tin and hardware business on his own account, in which he was reasonably successful. He subsequently becathe considerably interested in shipping and took some part in town affairs. serving for several years as one of the board of selectmen and assessors. The opportunities for business enterprise and success at home being necessarily restricted, Mr. Snow joined the host of pushing New Englanders who have gone to Chicago and developed its wonderful business resources. Settling in that city in December, 1860, he connected himself with the firm of Freeman, Burt & Co., pork packers. The firm name was subsequently changed to Branard, Burt & Co. This firm dissolved, and a new firm was organized under the name of Burt. Hutchinson & Snow. This last firm built one of the first, if not the very first, packing house at the Chicago stock yard. A new firm, with which Mr. Snow was connected, was subsequently formed, under the name of the Chicago Packing and Provision Company.

After some twelve years of absorbing devotion to business, and being successful to the full extent of his reasonable anticipations. his wife's health becoming impaired, in 1872 he relinquished active connection with business in Chicago and returned to his native town, for which he never faltered in his attachment, and where he has since interested himself in all the movements which tend to promote the social and business interests of the community. His religious sentiments are liberal and progressive, and, without seeking office for himself, be has ever evinced a strong interest in the promotion of the cause of republicanism. Mr. Snow, in 1839, married Matilda, daughter of Elkanah and Sarah Cole of Eastham, who died September 22, 1887. Their children were: Charles H.. born in 1839; Susan W., born in 1841; Aipheus W., born in 1843; Rufus E., born 1844; Edgar, born 1846, died 1849; Edgar, born 1851, and George C.. born 1853, died 1854.

Charles H. Snow was married in 1860 to Patience .E., daughter of Phillip N. and Mary Y. Small of Harwichport. Susan W. Snow was married in 1870 to Rollin 0. son of Charles W. and Harriet E. Linsley of Ripton, Vt. Mary M., their only child, was born in 1879. Aipheus W. Snow was married in 1886 to Annie E., daughter of John and Mary Linnell of Orleans. Rufus E. Snow married in 1868 Sarah S., daughter of Sullivan and Sarah S. Hopkins of Orleans. Their children are: Edith G., born in 1871, died 1883; Mattie M., born 1873, died 1874; George S., born 1876; Calletta, born 1880, died 1881. Edgar Snow was married in 1875 to Mary W., daughter of William and Mary Higgins of Eastham.

Elkanab L. Snow, son of Sylvanus and Olive (Linnell) Snow, and grandson of Aaron Snow, was born in 1835. He began going to sea at the age of fifteen, continuing until 1875, with the exception of six years when be was on the Erie canal and four years in the lobster business. Since 1875 he has been a merchant at East Orleans. He has been five times grand juror, four years a member of the New York board of underwriters, and is now a member of the Boston board of underwriters. He is keeper of Nauset Humane House, No. 40. He married Julia M., daughter of Thomas S. and Julia (Snow) Newcomb. They have one son-Frank W.-and lost one-Henry H.

Freeman Snow, youngest son of Captain Edmund and Mary (Eldridge) Snow, and grandson of Edmund Snow, was born in 1828. He followed the sea from 1845 until 1870. He was fourteen years surfman on the Orleans United States life saving station. He is now engaged in farming, and keeping summer boarders. He married Sarah F., daughter of Bangs and Olive (Crosby) Taylor. They have three daughters: Ella E., Sarah B. and Olive A.

Freeman H. Snow, born in 1823, is the youngest child of Benjamin and Hittie (Freeman) Snow, grandson of Elnatban, and greatgrandson of Elnatban Snow. Mr. Snow is a farmer, owning and occupying the homestead of his grandfather, Abner Freeman. He is a member of the Congregational church. He married Annie B., daughter of James L. and Sukey (Crosby) Sparrow. They have one son living Freeman E.-and one died-Benjamin S.

Mark C. Snow, only surviving child of Jonathan Snow, (born June 24, 1779), and grandson of Stephen Snow, was born December 26, 1808. His mother, Zerviah Crosby, was born in April, 1780. He was twenty years in the coasting and fishing business prior to 1844, and since that time has been a farmer. He married Mrs. Lizzie Hussy,. daughter of Zenas Doane, granddaughter of Zenas Doane, and greatgranddaughter of Noah Doane, of Eastham. Her mother was Folly, daughter of Ebenezer Nickerson of East Harwich.

Willis Snow, born in 1816, was a son of Thomas and Zerviah (Sparrow) Snow, and grandson of Aaron Snow. He followed the sea until 1855, and from that time until his death was auctioneer, 'wreck commissioner and farmer. He was a member of the Universalist church. He died March 1, 1890. He married Rebecca, daughter of Thomas and Priscilla (Snow) Gould, and had five children: Willis L., James M., Abbott L., Mercy 0. (Mrs. Marcus M. Pierce) and Sophia, who married Solomon Taylor, son of James and Phebe Taylor, grandson of John, and great-grandson of John Taylor. They have three children: Marcus B., Florence A. and Harry S. Mr. Taylor followed the sea the most of thetime, thirty-eight years prior to 1886. He is now On the Orleans life saving station.

Dean Sparrow, born in 1821, is a son of Godfrey and Mercy (Higgins) Sparrow, and grandson of Lieutenant Colonel Jabez Sparrow. Since 1858, he has been a traveling salesman in different lines of trade. He married Rosilla, daughter of Joel Snow. Their children are: Julia F., George W., Dean B. (deceased), Rosie S., Joshua S., Hubert E. (deceased), Rebecca B., Eugene C. and Mabel S.

CAPTAIN JOSEPH TAYLOR, son of Zoheth and Sally (Doane) Taylor, was born in Orleans, October 26, 1821. His grandfather, Benjamin, who married Eunice Arey, was the first town clerk of Orleans after the separation from Eastham, in 1797 His great-grandfather was John, of (then) Eastham. Joseph was educated in the common schools of the town, in Orleans Academy, an institution of high repute in its time, and in Phillips Academy, Andover. Like many other Cape boys, the subject of this sketch had his first introduction to sea life on board a fishing craft, in a summer voyage, at the age of thirteen years. At the age of seventeen be commenced service in the merchant marine, and at twenty-three, and embracing the period from 1844 to 1866, he commanded ships in the domestic, South American. Mediterranean, and India trade. The period covered by Captain Taylor's service at sea embraced, perhaps, the brightest era of the American merchant marine, and called for business capacity of a high order. Before the advent of magnetic telegraphs and ocean cables, the master of a merchant ship was greatly dependent upon his own resources, and was obliged to act in many cases as business agent, supercargo and navigator. Not only skillful seamanship, but superior executive ability were requisite, and it was to the no small credit of any one to succeed in a calling which required such a combination of qualities.

Since Captain Taylor's retirement from the sea, until quite re cently, he has been pecuniarily interested in navigation; and while manifesting an active interest in local concerns, has not sought to engage in a wider field of public effort, for which his intelligence and experience so well fit him to become useful.

Captain Taylor married Mary D.. daughter of Elisha Cole, of Orleans. Their children are: Josephine, Mark C. and Joseph B., who is also in business in Waltham.

JONATHAN YOUNG, who was born in Orleans June 27, 1808, is the son of Jonathan and Eunice (Hurd) Young. and grandson of Nehemiah. He enjoyed such opportunities of education as were within the reach of the youth of his time, and at the age of sixteen years went to Provincetown, as an apprentice to the shoemaking trade. Before the stipulated term of three years service had expired he bought his time from the proceeds of overwork performed, and came to Orleans to establish himself in business. He opened a store for the manufacture and sale of boots and shoes, on the corner which be and his son have since occupied, gradually enlarging his business as his means increased. At the age- of twenty-three he married Mary F., daughter of Jonathan and granddaughter of Jonathan Rogers, of Orleans, and to her diligent and prudent co-operation Mr. Young freely ascribes a full share of his success in after life. After about fifteen years in the shoe trade exclusively, Mr. Young enlarged his business to that of a general variety store, in which be has met with the success usually attendant upon intelligent and persevering effort, and in which he continued until 1869, when be transferred his business to his son. Since that time he has lived a comparatively retired life.

Mr. Young's avocations have not permitted of his often - accepting public positions, except such as are of a purely business nature. He was, however a captain of the militia company of his town, and received a commission signed by Governor Levi Lincoln, dated July 27, 1831. The experience of the town during the war of 1812-1815 kept the martial spirit alive and active there after it bad subsided elsewhere. Mr. Young was clerk and treasurer of the Cape Cod Central Railroad Company, which extended it track from Yarmouth to Orleans in 1865, and was one of eight persons who subscribed to the fund for the equipment and rolling stock of the road. He is a liberal supporter of the Congregational society, and at eighty-two years enjoys the degree of physical vigor which usually attend a good constitution preserved by a life of temperance and frugality.

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Young are: Henrietta, wife of David M. Hodgdon, of Boston, and David L., of Orleans. They have lost two sons-Amos and Alfred. David L. was born in 1848, and since 1868 has been a merchant in Orleans, and since 1889 has been town clerk. His wife, Ida M., is a daughter of John Brightman. Of their four children, two survive: Robert B. and Edna D.

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