Biographical Sketches of
Eastham, MA
From: History of Barnstable County, MA
1620 - 1890
Edited by Simeon L. Delo 1890

Scatter P. Bangs
Alonzo N. Bearse
John Chapman
Sara M. Chipman
George H. Clark
Roland D. Cobb
Austin E. Cole
Josiah M. Cole
Ezekiel Doane
Russell Doane
Henry K. Harding
David Higgins

Peter Higgins
Elkanah Hopkins
Isaiah H. Horton
Robert R. Horton
Winslow T. Horton
Freeman Knowles
Josiah M. Knowles
Seth Knowles
Lewis Lombard
Oliver Mayo
Reuben Nickerson

Thomas K. Paine
Captain Edward Penniman
Francis M. Smith
Francis W. Smith
Heman Smith, 2d
Philip Smith
Luther B. Smith
Wallace A. Smith
Agnew F. Toovey
William Wareham
Samuel S. Sparrow

Scatter P. Bangs, son of Seymour and Annie M. (Cobb) Bangs, grandson of Seymour, and great-grandson of John D. Bangs, was born in 1837. He learned the carpenters' trade when a boy. He returned to Eastham in 1888, after having been away twenty-six years. He married Julia, daughter of Hatsel Nickerson. They had one daughter, Lois F., born iu Eastham in 1858, died 1862.

Alonzo N. Bearse, son of George and Penina (Bassett) Bearse, and grandson of David Bearse, was born in Chatbam in 1842. He followed the sea from 1854 until 1884, since which time he has been on the Nauset life saving station, and since 1887 he has been keeper there. He married Abbie T. Brewer, who died, leaving three children: Linthe 0., Jessie C. (Mrs. R. W. Horton) and Washington I. Mr. Bearse was in the late war from August, 1862, until July, 1863, in Company E, Forty-third Massachusetts Volunteers. He is a member of Frank D. Hammond Post, G. A. R., and of Fraternal Lodge, I. 0. of 0. F.

John Chapman was born in England in 1853, and came to Eastham in 1879, where he has since been operator for the French Atlantic Cable Company. He married Ada -B., daughter of William and Annie (Hamilton) Hopkins.

Sara M. Chipman, daughter of Freeman D. and Abigail (Mayo)Hatch, married Barnabas H. Chipman, son of Ebenezer and Martha (Higgins) Chipman. They had three children: Abbie F. (Mrs. John H. Smart), Arthur C. and Edgar W., who is supposed to have died in Texas. Mr. Chipman was a sea captain for twenty-six years prior to his death in 1874.

George H. Clark, oldest son of Edward C. and Rachel (Collins) Clark, grandson of Edward C., great-grandson of Benjamin, and greatgreat-grandson of Lot Clark, was born in 1847. He has been a merchant at Eastham since 1877, town clerk and treasurer since 1878, and is now postmaster at Eastham. Edward C. Clark married Jerushac, daughter of Elkanah Cobb6 (Jonathan4, Jonathan3, Samuel2, Elder Henry Cobb1).

Roland D. Cobb, son of Thomas and Priscilla M. (Doane) Cobb, and grandson of Thomas Cobb, was born in 1831. He is a farmer. He married Maria H., daughter of David and Sally (Swain) Higgins. They have one daughter, Sarah M.

Austin E. Cole, son of Joshua and Sophia (Cobb) Cole, grandson of Joshua, and great-grandson of Timothy Cole, was born in 1859. He is a farmer. He married Eulalia A., daughter of James and Hannah R. (Higgins) Savage. They have one daughter, Minnie C.

Josiah M. Cole, son of Joshua and grandson of Timothy Cole, died in 1866, aged thirty-six years. He was a farmer. He married Mary E., daughter of Knowles and Mary (Knowles) Doane, granddaughter of Jesse, and great-granddaughter of Jesse Doane. They had three children: Wilber S., Elsie F. and Josiah A. Wilber S., was born in Eastham, January 29, 1858.

Ezekiel Doane, born in 1812, is a son of Obed and Phebe (Atwood) Doane, and grandson of Sylvanus Doane. He is a farmer, having owned the Governor Prince farm since 1842, where with his two sons, Charles T. and Abealino, he now lives. He married Rachel, daughter of Dawson Lincoln. She died in 1881, leaving seven children: Obed, Josephine, Charles T., William P., Georgiana, Rachel and Abealino E.

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Russell Doane, born in 1837, is a son of Isaiah and Temperance (Knowles) Doane (Heman6, Isaiah5, Sinieon4, Samuel3, John2, John Doane1). Mr. Doane followed the sea from 1850 until 1877, and since that time he has been engaged on the Nauset life saving station. He married Lucinda A., daughter of Thomas Paine.

Henry K. Harding, son of Prince S. and. Nancy B. (Knowles) Harding, and grandson of Ephraim Harding, was born in 1829. He followed the trade of carriage making with his father until 1864. He was afterward twenty years in Tiverton, R. I., engaged in menhaden oil manufacture. He is now living, retired, at his old home in Eastham. He married Betsey F., daughter of Alvin and Eliza (Gould) Smith. They have one sonÄGeorge M. - and an adopted daughterÄ Susie W.

David Higgins, son of Joshua and Mercy (Mayo) Higgins, grandson of Elkanah, and great-grandson of Ebenezer Higgins, was born in 1804. He is a farmer. He married Sally, daughter of Walter P. Swain. They had six children, three of whom are living: Maria H. (Mrs. Roland D. Cobb), Asa and Levi W.

Peter Higgins, born in 1838, is a son of John W. and grandson of Benjamin, whose father, Elkanah, was a son of Ebenezer Higgins. Richard Higgins was born in England and came to Plymouth, Mass., soon after that town was settled, as his name appears in the list of freemen of 1633. He married Mary Gates of Plymouth. He was chosen deputy in 1649, 1661 and 1667, and was selectman three years. His son Jonathan was married to Elizabeth `Rogers in 1660, and had eight chIldren. From these have descended all the families of the name in Barnstable county. Peter Higgins is a farmer and fisherman. He served in the civil war from July, 1862, to June, 1865, in Company I., Thirty-third Massachusetts Infantry, and is a member of Frank D. Hammond Post, G. A. R. He was in the lighthouse service fouryearS and has held several minor town offices. He married for his first wife, Harriet E. Baker, who died leaving one son, Henry F. His second marriage was with Phebe E. Burroughs. They have two son sÄJohn W. and William B.Äand have lost three daughters - Sarah E., Florence B. and Flora B.

Elkanah Hopkins, son of Elkanah and Sally (Mayo) Hopkins. grandson of Elkanali and great-grandson of Joshua Hopkins, was born in 1827. He has been a carpenter since 1845. He married Sabra A., daughter of Ephraim Doane. She died, leaving two daughters: Panlina (Mrs. N. J. Kidder) and Effie D., who died. His second marriage was with Alma S. Herrick, who died in 1882.

Isaiah H. Horton, son of Isaiah H. and Rebecca (Higgins) Horton, grandson of Barnabas and great-grandson of Cushing Horton, was born in Wellfleet in 1835. He followed the sea for twenty-five years prior to 1870, and since that time has been weir fishing and farming. He was for six years selectman of the town. He married Rachel, daughter of Whitfield Witherell. Their children are: Osgood W., Ernest R., Betsey B., Lillian R., Myra S., Isaiah H., jr., Obed W., Reuben W. and Lester G.

Robert R. Horton, son of Isaiah H. and Louisa (Doane) Horton, was born in 1856. He has been station agent at North Eastham since 1877, and postmaster there since 1882. He married Jennie A., daughof Isaac W. Landerkin. They have three children: Elwood R., Carroll W. and Edwin W.

Winslow T. Horton, son of Cushing and Mehitabel (Knowles) Horton, grandson of Barnabas and great-grandson of Cushing Horton, was born in 1844. He is a fisherman. He married Betsey H., daughter of Isaiah H. and Rebecca (Higgins) Horton. Mr. Horton served in the civil war eighteen months, in the Fifty-ninth Massachusetts Volunteers.

Freeman Knowles, son of Freeman and Martha (Mayo) Knowles, and grandson of William Knowles, was born in 1822. He followed the sea from the age of seventeen until 1879, and since that time he has been a farmer. He married Joanna, daughter of Freeman and Phebe (Gill) Smith. They have four children: Walter 0., Esther A. (Mrs. S. H. Lincoln), Freeman E. and James P. One daughter, Esther S., died.

Josiah M. Knowles, married for his first wife Susan Snow. His second wife was Rebecca F., daughter of William F. and granddaughter of William Knowles. She died, leaving three children: Herbert L., Susan W. (now the widow of Walter H. Dill) and Edward E. Mr. Knowles married for his third wife Mary P. Knowles, sister of his second wife. Since his death in 1885, his farm has been occupied by his widow and his children, Edward E. and Mrs. Dill. Herbert L. married Carrie K. Baker and has one son, Arthur Herbert Knowles, who was born August 6, 1883.

Seth Knowles, born in 1822, is a son of James H. and Ruth (Knowles) Knowles, grandson of Seth, and great-grandson of Seth, who was a son of Colonel Willard Knowles, who bought the farm where Mr. Knowles now lives in 1742, of the widow of Rev. Samuel Treat. Mr. Knowles is a farmer. He married Abbie, daughter of .Francis Kragman. Their children are: Frank I., James G., Seth E. and Abbie M.

Lewis Lombard, born in 1819, in Welifleet, is a son of Caleb and Abigail (Higgins) Lombard, and grandson of Oliver Lombard. He followed the sea from 1830 until 1886, fishing and coasting, being several years master of vessels. He has lived in Eastham since 1862. He married Lucinda C., daughter of Michael and Dorcas (Cobb) Collins, granddaughter of Michael and. Elizabeth (Atkins) Collins, and great-granddaughter of Benjamin Collins. They have two Sons: Oliver C. and James H.

Oliver Mayo, son of Timothy 7 and Lydia (Doane) Mayo (James 6, James 5, Joseph 4, James 3, John 2, Rev. John Mayo 1), was born in 1817. He followed the sea for twenty years, prior to 1847, and has been a farmer since that time, with the exception of ten years, during which he was in the oyster business in Boston. He married Rebecca F., daughter of Joshua Knowles. She died leaving two children: Ella L. and George 0., who has one daughter, Sophia C.

Reuben Nickerson, born in Provincetown in 1814, is a son of Reuben and Keziah (Young) Nickerson, and grandson of Seth Nickerson, who was a native of Chatham, removing from there to Provincetown. Mr. Nickerson has been a farmer and salt maker. He has been representative one term, senator one term, selectman several years, and a member of the school board several years. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Beriah Doane. She died leaving two children: Isabelle and Alpheus, who died. His present wife is Sarah, sister of his first wife. They have had two children: one who died and Herbert D.

Thomas K. Paine, son of Elkanah K. and Mehitable P. (Knowles) Paine, grandson of Ebenezer, and great-grandson of Isaac Paine, was born in 1833. He followed the sea several years, was sixteen years keeper of Billingsgate lighthouse, and since 1884 has been a farmer, occupying the homestead of his father. He has been selectman of Eastham five years. He married Deborah S. daughter of Joshua and Deborah (Sherman) Paine. They have two children: Edwin C. and Ruth E.

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CAPTAIN EDWARD PENNIMAN - In the upper towns of the Cape are several captains whose sea life has been spent in the capture of whales, but in passing along down the towns of the county we find that Captain Penniman, of Eastham, is the only surviving captain ill the northern part of the Cape who has attained special prominence in Arctic whaling. In 1842, when eleven years of age, he first went to sea as a cook on board a schooner bound for the Grand Banks, and on this voyage he experienced the only shipwreck of his long career. The vessel was cast away on the back of the Cape, near the Three Lights, but the crew and cargo were saved. He followed fishing until he was nineteen years old, when Thomas Knowles, of New Bedford, a former resident of the Cape, and one who knew the worth of the young man, asked him if he would go whaling, to which he replied that he would when he was twenty-one. He continued fishing with his father until he was twenty, and soon after, in 1852, shipped for his first whaling voyage to the North Pacific in the bark Isabella. His strength and merit enabled him to ship as boat steerer on this first voyage, and in his second, in 1855, he took the position of second, mate of the bark Minerva, in which, with Captain Swain, he went on a cruise of four years to the South Pacific. In 1860 he took command of the bark Minerva, and in this third whaling voyage went again to the South Pacific for sperm. His return from this voyage, during the war of the rebellion, was fraught with dangers from rebel priva. teers. One of the vessels encountered near the West Indies, and `which he was dodging, proved to be commanded by a friendly captain and acquaintance from Provincetown, who was as watchful of rebel privateers as he, and equally suspicious of his craft, and who ran a narrow risk of personal injury from Captain Penniman and his men, who were prepared to give him a volley.

Captain Penniman sailed in the same vessel upon his fourth voy. age, and his wife accompanied him to the Arctic. The war was virtually ended, and be certainly feared no interruption from rebel cruisers in that direction; but one day while his vessel lay in a field of ice in a high latitude, the captain of a passing French ship, flying the American flag, asked him to come aboard, and gave him the unwelcome information that a pirate was at a port not far off, where several vessels were in flames by his act. The whale boats were out of sight, and the captain was compelled to fire a cannon before he could recall them. Anxiety to have his men hear the report and return to the vessel induced him to load the old gun too heavily, and the concussion broke the glass of the lights, which in falling so cut the .faces of his wife and son, who were in the cabin below, that they looked as though they had themselves been the target of the shot. The boats came in, and Captain Penniman made all sail to a safe anchorage, where he remained a month, until all danger was over from rebel privateers. He subsequently learned from gocd authority that the enemy was the Shenandoah, and that his vessel - the Minerva - was the special object of the cruiser's search. He also learned that the enemy's craft had passed near enough to have discovered him had not a fog prevailed.

In 1874 the captain made his fifth voyage, in command of the ciccro, from New Bedford, making a short voyage to the South Pacific. In 1876 he went to the coast of Patagonia in command of the Europa, completing a long and successful voyage. His last and seventh voyage, on which he started in 1881, was in the Jacob A. Howland, to the Arctic regions, from which he returned in 1884, leaving his vessel at San Francisco and returning home across the continent, accompanied by Mrs. Penniman, who had taken three long voyages with him. A singular fact may be stated: he never lost a vessel, but every one in which be sailed has since been destroyed or condemned. The Isabella was burned by Captain Semmes; the Minerva was lost on the coast of Africa; the Cicero was condemned; the Europa was wrecked at Japan, and the Howland was lost on Johnson's island in the Pacific.

Of the ancestry of Captain Penniman little is known. Scammel Penniman, his grandfather, was a heavy grocer in Boston early in this century, where he died November 12, 1836. He bad three children: Fannie, Maria and DanielÄthe father of Captain PennimanÄwho, early in life came to the Cape, where be died in 1872. He married Betsey A., daughter of Samuel Mayo, of Eastham, and had nine children: Elvira, born November 10, 1829, is now the widow of Solomon Mayo, of Easthani; Maria, now Mrs. George H. Sanborn, of New Hampshire, was born September 3, 1833, and first married William H. Tendler,to whom two children were born; George Penniman, of Eastham, born September 18, 1835; James, also of Eastham, born January 24, 1837, married Caroline Dill and has three daughters and one son; Daniel, born March 22, 1840, lives in Maine, and has five children - two sons by his first wife, Phebe Thompson, and one son and two daughters by his second wife, Minnie Johnson; Silas, born January 31, 1842, after serving through the war settled in Maine, where he married and has one son; Charles, born January 6, 1844, was also in the federal army during the rebellion and now lives at Franklin, N. H., where he has a wife, two daughters and a son; Francis W., born January 6, 1846, enlisted in the civil war, passed through many battles, and was fatally wounded at Kenesaw Mountain, and died at Chattanooga, July 8, 1864, aged eighteen years.

Captain Edward Penniman, the second child in this family of Daniel, was born at Eastham, August 16, 1831. His education was limited to the common schools of his native town, but in the forecastle and the cabin be completed the education which has since enabled him to take an honorable rank among the most successful shipmasters of the Cape. The most of his life has been spent upon the sea and the greater part of thirty-two years as master of whale ships through those experiences already alluded to. In 1868 he engaged in business in Chicago, where he spent the winters of four years, and during the
time passed the summers at Eastham where he was erecting and beautifying his present fine residence. He was married in 1859, to Betsey A., daughter of William F. Knowles, a descendant of that old family name. Their children are: Eugene B.: born September 11, 1860; Bessie A., born September 2, 1868; and Edward D., born March
25, 1870.

The captain, now in the meridian of life, is passing his days pleasantly in his home overlooking the sea, to both of which he is devotedly attached. He has never shirked his duty as a citizen, but has preferred to see his neighbors and friends fill the local political offices, himself preferring his retirement amid his pleasant social relations. Of the Universalist church he is a strong supporter and an earnest and liberal friend to all good works. In his kindness and firmness he lives respected by all who know him

His oldest son, Eugene B., was married in 1890, to Carrie S. Harding, and at this writing is on a whaling voyage as first officer of the bark Reindeer.

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Francis M. Smith, born in 1852, is a son of Heman and Louissana C. (Crosby) Smith (both lost at sea in 1875), grandson of Myrick, and great-grandson of Sylvanus Smith. Mr. Smith has been a harness maker since 1872. Since 1886 he has kept summer boarders. He married Mary A., daughter of Hinckley Lincoln. They have one son, Ivan G., and lost one, William M.

Francis W. Smith, son of Nathaniel and Hannah (Cole) Smith, and grandson of Elkanah Smith, was born in 1858. He is a fisherman and farmer. He married Sarah, daughter of George and Amanda (Snow) Doane, and granddaughter of Barnabas Doane. They have one daughter, Amanda D.

Heman Smith, 2d, born in 1839, is a son of Lewis and Mehitable Smith, and grandson of Lewis Smith, who was a native of Orleans and a farmer. Mr. Smith has followed the sea as cook since be was `twelve years old, and since 1883 he has been cook on a yacht. He married Olive M., daughter of Franklin and Lucy (Cummings) Freeman. Their children are: Charles W., Frank R., Emma 0. and Joshua F.

Philip Smith, born in 1821, is a son of Freeman and Phebe (Gill) Smith, and grandson of Philip and Sarah Smith. He is a fisherman and farmer. He married Esther, daughter of Richard F. Smith. Their children are: Luther B., Sarah P. and Nathan S., who died.

Luther B. Smith, son of Philip and Esther Smith, was born in 1845. He was in business in Worcester, Mass., from 1869 to 1889, and is now a garden farmer at his native place in Easth…xn. He married Mercy H., daughter of Daniel Cole. They have two children: Philip M. and Florence M.

Wallace A. Smith, born in 1857, is a son of James and Thankful L. (Hopkins) Smith, and grandson of Asa and Polly Smith. He is a farmer, occupying his father's homestead. He married Olive .A., daughter of Freeman Snow. Mr. Smith has one brother, Earnest L.

Agnew F. Toovey was born in England in 1849, came to America in 1875, and since 1879 he has been engaged as operator at the French Atlantic Cable station in North Eastham. He married Betsey S., daughter of Isaiah H. Horton. They have one son, Sidney E.

William Wareham, born in 1836, in Yarmouth, is a son of William and Jedidah (Cole) Warebam. He followed the sea from 1845 until 1884, twenty-three years as master of vessels. He has lived in Eastham since he was two years old, with the exception of twenty-three years, during which he was in Provincetown. He married Alice, daughter of Elijah and Lydia (Smith) Doane, and granddaughter of Nehemiah Doane and Freeman Smith. Their children are: William M., Bessie M. (Mrs. Abealino E. Doane), Augustus W. and Alice L.

Samuel S. Sparrow, son of Abner and Polly Y. (Harding) Sparrow, was born in Chatharm. He was a master mariner until within one year of his death, which occurred in 1882. By his first marriage he had two children: one who died in infancy and Paulina F. (Mrs. Richard S. Myrick). She died in 1881. Mr. Myrick is a son of John Q. and Mercy (Lincoln) Myrick, and is a carpenter. Mr. Sparrow's second wife, who survives him, is Mary S., daughter of Haskell and Fanny (Atwood) Crosby, and granddaughter of Isaiah and Betsey Crosby.

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