From: The Governers of Connecticut
By: Frederick Calvin Norton
THOMAS Welles, the fourth governor of Connecticut colony, was born in England in 1598, but where he came from hasnot
yet been determined. Absolutely nothing is known of his antecedents across the water.
One of Governor Welles’ descendants, Hon. Gideon Welles of Hartford, wrote of his ancestor, the governor, in 1843:
“My father, who died in 1834. aged eighty years, used to tell me that our English ancestors were once of the nobility;
that amongst his earliest recollections were the strong iqjunctions of his grandfather and his great uncle, Samuel
Welles of Boston, never to omit the letter “e” in his name; that the family had once great estates of which they
were wrongfully deprived and that in due time they would return. These were the remarks of the old men to him,
born about thirty years after the death of Governor Welles, and who in childhood imbibed impressions brought from
the parent land.”
A tradition, long believed to be true, connected Welles with the service of Lord Say-and-Sele, and made him one
of the first settlers of Saybrook in 1636. This has been quite thoroughly disproven in the light of more recent
investigation, and all statements of this sort concerning the governor’s early career in America are purely conjectural.
There is absolutely nothing to show that Governor Welles was ever secretary to Lord Say-and-Sele, but on the other
hand it is more than probable that Governor Welles came to Hartford in 1636 from Boston. A copy of a grant in which
he figures tends to confirm this statement. The first appearance of Governor Welles in Hartford was on March 28,
1637, according to the Colonial Records. He was one of the magistrates in 1637 and he held the office for many
years. He rose rapidly in the councils of state, for at the election in 1639 he was chosen the first treasurer
of the infant colony, holding the office until 1641 when he asked to be relieved. He was next secretary of the
commissioners of the United Colonies. In 1649 he became one of the commissioners and served for some years.
He was chosen governor in 1655 and 1656; the next year he was deputy governor and in 1658 was re-elected governor
of the colony. The following year he was deputy governor again, and that ended his eminently successful and honorable
public career. Governor Welles went to Wethersfleld to live in 1643 and he died in that town on January 14, 1660,
Concerning the exact spot where the governor’s remains lie buried, there has been
considerable controversy among the historians.
Albert Welles, a biographer of the governor, says that his remains were buried “on the top of the hill near the
fence on the south side of the old yard, in the rear of the meeting-house, where the remains of the Welles family
for many generations now lie grouped.”
Benjamin Trumbull, the eminent historian, wrote regarding this: “Though Governor Welles was first buried at Wethersfield
his remains were afterward removed to Hartford. Four of the first governors oi Connecticut, Haynes, Wyllys, Welles
and Webster, lie buried at Hartford without a monument. Considering their many and important public services this
is remarkable. But their virtues have embalmed their names and will render their names venerable to the latest
One of the very best authorities on this question contends that the governor was buried at Wethersfield and was
never removed from that town. This seems to be the general belief.
A writer says of the governor: “Governor Welles possessed the full confidence of the people, and many of the most
important of the early laws and papers pertaining to the founding of the colony were drafted by him. The successful
issue of Connecticut from her difficulty concerning the fort erected at Saybrook on one side and the Dutch encroachments
on the other was largely due to his skill and wisdom.”