(of Ashford) -- STEPHEN OLIVER BOWEN
DANFORD KNOWLTON was born at Ashford, Windham county, Conn., May 5th 1811. His father and
mother were Daniel and Hannah Knowlton, both of the same name, and from families remotely connected. The records
of the families are too imperfect to admit of genealogy with accuracy. On the paternal side they were farmers in
comfortable circumstances, having influence in the community, and filling places of trust and responsibility. On
the maternal side they were also farmers, the grandfather of the subject of the present sketch, Daniel Knowlton,
and Thomas Knowlton, his brother, being conspicuous while quite young in the war against the French and Indians,
serving with General Putnam, and in the early struggles for national independence, in which Colonel Thomas Knowlton
fell at the battle of Harlem,, and Daniel served through the war, being nearly two years a prisoner in the hands
of the British. Colonel Knolton was among the first to respond to the call for troops, and raised a company in
Ashford, joining the colonial forces near Boston, where he became conspicuous in the fortification and defense
of Bunker Hill. It was much to be regretted that one so highly esteemed should be lost to the country in its early
struggle for national independence, and not unlike the loss it afterward sustained in the death of his grandnephew,
General Nathaniel Lyon, of Ashford, who fell while leading a charge upon the confederate forces at Wilson’s Creek,
Mo., August 10th, 1861.
In the autumn of 1832 the subject of this biography left a happy paternal home with a desire to find some occupation
more congenial to his taste than farming. On April 10th, 1833, he entered into an existing firm doing a wholesale
grocery business in Hartford, Conn. Continuing the same class of business until December, 1843, he removed to New
York, looking for a wider field. of operations. With some changes of partners, the wholesale grocery business was
continued until 1852, when he visited the island of Cuba and united the importation of its products with the existing
enterprise. This mixed class of business was continued until 1861, when all but that of importation was abandoned,
and the interest with partners ceased. Importations from the West Indies were continued, with the addition of commerce
with South America until 1885, when it was brought to a close, thus completing fifty-two years of merdantile life
with the varied success incident to such ventures, having met all obligations in full at maturity.
During the continuance of the importing business a good deal of controversy arose between importers and refiners
of sugar respecting the proper duty to be placed upon various classes of sugar, the latter desiring so to discriminate
against the better classes suitable for consumption as to prevent their importation. These controversies led to
various appeals to congress, in which the importers generally found the champagne and good dinners of the refiners
more effective than the solid arguments and cold water of the importers. Thus that “infant industry” was so protected
as to lead to colossal fortunes among the refiners of sugar, at the expense of the consumers, resulting in the
exclusion from. the country of all sugars except such as are required for refining. In those controversies Mr.
Knowlton took a prominent part, appearing before committees of congress and contributing many articles on the subject
to the press, and otherwise reaching the attention of the members of congress.
In his matrimonial experience Mr. Knowlton was one of the most fortunate of men. Married to Miss Miranda H. Rockwell,
the daughter of Park and Esther Rockwell of Stafford, Coun., September 26th, 1837, be passed almost forty-nine
years of a most happy union with one whose amiable character rendered her beloved by all who had the pleasure of
her acquaintance. Four children were born to them: Maria R., D. Henry, Miner R. and Gertrude M., the former dying
at an early age. Previous to retirement from business, Mr. Knowlton built a fine country residence in Stafford,
at the birthplace of his wife, with a view of spending at least his summers in that delightful locality.
STEPHEN OLIVER BOWEN. -- Stephen and Rebecca Bowen were the grandparents of the subject of
this biography. His parents were Oliver and Betsey Bowen, the former having removed to Eastford in 1822, where
he resided until his death, in 1879. He was during his active life a successful farmer and produce dealer. His
wife survived him and is still a resident of Eastford. Their son, Stephen 0. Bowen, was born in Eastford, April
8th, 1840. He received an elementary education, and afterward spent a season at the State Normal school, pursuing
his studies with a view to proficiency as a teacher. The succeeding ten or more winters were devoted to teaching,
the summer months being given to farming and dealing in live stock. Though most of his life a successful farmer,
he was for some time engaged in trade, and has been for several years an extensive dealer in and shipper of horses.
By honest dealing and strict integrity be has established an enviable reputation in this department of traffic,
and won a large and increasing patronage.
Mr. Bowen has been active in all the public measures affecting his town, and one of its prominent political factors.
Reared in the Jeffersonian school of democracy, he has ever been a steadfast exponent of its principles. He was
a delegate to the national democratic convention, held at St. Louis in 1888, and for several years the popular
candidate of the party for representative in the state legislature, against a heavy majority. To this office be
was elected in 1878, during which session he served on the school fund committee. He has filled nearly all the
local positions in the gift of his townspeople, and is at present justice of the peace, town treasurer and school
visitor. For more than twenty-five years he has been a member of the school board, several times selectman, and
repeatedly elected to the office of judge of probate, when he adjudicated upon a number of important estates. His
efficiency and wide experience in these matters have caused his services to be in demand as administrator and trustee.
Mr. Bowen was for several years a director of the Eastford Savings Bank, and is now president of the Eastford Creamery,
of the Eastford Temperance Association, and of the Eastford Library Association. He is much interested in the "Grange"
as a promoter of successful agri culture, and was for two years master of the Crystal Lake Grange, as also overseer
of the Pomona Grange of Windham county. Mr. Bowen is a member and an officer of the Congregational church of Eastford,
and one of its principal supporters. He was married April 8th, 1864, to Miss Abbie Lee Spencer of Pomfret. They
have had seven children, of whom two sons and two daughters are living.