EDMUND KIRBY SMITH, one of the distinguished leaders upon the side of the south in the late Civil war, was born
at St. Augustine, Florida, in 1834. After receiving the usual education he was appointed to the United States Military
Academy at West Point, from which he graduated in 1845 and entered the army as second lieutenant of infantry. During
the Mexican war he was made first lieutenant and captain for gallant conduct at Cerro Gordo and Con treras. From
1849 to 1852 he was assistant professor of mathematics at West Point. He was transferred to the Second cavalry
with the rank of captain in served on the frontier, and was wounded in a fight with Comanche Indians in Texas,
May 13, 1859. In January, 1861, he became major of his regiment, but resigned April gth to follow the fortunes
of the southern cause. He was appointed brigadier general in the. Confederate army and served in Virginia. At the
battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861, he arrived on the field late in the day, BUT was soon disabled by a wound. He
was made major general in 1862, and being transferred to East Tennessee, was given command of that department.
Under General Braxton Bragg he led the advance in the invasion of Kentucky and defeated the Union forces at Richmond,
Kentucky, August 30, 1862, and advanced to Frankfort. Promoted to the rank of lieutenant general, be was engaged
at the battle of Perryville, October 10, and in the battle of Murfreesboro, December 31, 1862, and January 3, 1863.
He was soon made general, the highest rank in the service, and in command of the trans Mississippi department opposed
General N. P. Banks in the famous Red River expedition, taking part in the battle of Jenkins Ferry, April 30, 1864,
and other engagements of that eventful campaign. He was the last to surrender theforces under his command, which
he did May 26, 1865. After the close of the war he located in Tennessee, where he died March 28, 1893.
A Biographical Record
Of Schuyler County, New York
The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company
New York and Chicago 1903.
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