JOHN A. LOGAN, the illustrious states man and general, was born in Jackson county, Illinois, February 9, 1824.
In his boyhood days he received but a limited education in the schools of his native county. On the breaking out
of the war with Mexico he enlisted in the First Illinois Volunteers and became its quartermaster. At the close
of hostilities he returned home and was elected clerk of the courts of Jackson county in 1849. Determining to supplement
his education Logan entered the Louisville University, from which he graduated in 1852 and taking up the study
of law was admitted to the bar. He attained popularity and success in his chosen prof ession and was elected to
the legislature in 1852, 1853, 1856 and 1857. He was prosecuting attorney from 1853 to 1857. He was elected to
congress in 1858 to fill a vacancy and again in 1860. At the outbreak of the Rebellion, Logan resigned his office
and entered the army, and in September, 1861, was appointed colonel of the Thirty-first Illinois Infantry, which
he led in the battles of Belmont and Fort Donelson. In the latter engagement he was wounded. In March, 1862, he
was promoted to be brigadier-general and in the following month participated in the battles of Pittsburg Landing.
In November, 1862, for gallant conduct he was made major general. Throughout the Vicksburg campaign he was in command
of a division of the Seventeenth Corps and was distinguished at Port Gibson, Champion Hills and in the siege and
capture of Vicksburg. In October, 1863, he was placed in command of the Fifteenth Corps, which he led with great
credit. During the terrible conflict before Atlanta, July 22, 1864, on the death of General McPherson, Logan, assuming
command of the Army of the Tennessee, led it on to victory, saving the day by his energy and ability. He was shortly
after succeeded by General O. O. Howard and returned to the command of his corps, He remained in command until
the presidential election, when, feeling that his influence was needed at home he returned thither and there remained
until the arrival of Sherman at Savannah, when General Logan rejoined his command. In May, 1865, he succeeded General
Howard at the head of the Army of the Tennessee He resigned from the army in August, the same year, and in November
was appointed minister to Mexico, but declined the honor. He served in the lower house of the fortieth and forty-first
congresses, and was elected United States senator from his native state in 1870, 1878 and 1885. He was nominated
for the vice-presidency in 1884 on the ticket with Blaine but was defeated. General Logan was the author of "The
Great Conspiracy, its origin and history," published in 1885. He died at Washington, December 26, 1886.
A Biographical Record
Of Schuyler County, New York
The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company
New York and Chicago 1903.
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