ELISHA GRAY, the great inventor and electrician, was born August 2, 1835 at Barnesville, Belmont county, Ohio.
He was, as a child, greatly interested in the phenomena of nature, and read with avidity all the books he could
obtain, relating to this subject. He was apprenticed to various trades during his boyhood, but his insatiable thirst
for knowledge dominated his life and he found time to study at odd intervals. Supporting himself by working at
his trade, he found time to pursue a course at Oberlin College, where he particularly devoted himself to the study
of physicial science. Mr. Gray secured his first patent for electrical or telegraph apparatus on October 1, 1867.
His attention was first attracted to telephonic transmission during this year and he saw in it a way of transmitting
signals for telegraph purposes, and conceived the idea of electro tones, tuned to different tones in the scale.
He did not then realize the importance of his invention, his thoughts being employed on the capacity of the apparatus
for transmitting musical tones through an electric circuit, and it was not until 1874 that he was again called
to consider the reproduction of electrically transmitted vibrations through the medium of animal tissue. He continued
experimenting with various results, which finally culminated in his taking out a patent for his speaking telephone
on February 14, 1876. He took out fifty additional patents in the course of eleven years, among which were, telegraph
switch, telegraph repeater, telegraph an nunciator and typewriting telegraph. From 1869 until 1873 he was employed
in the manufacture of telegraph apparatus in Cleveland and Chicago, and filled the office of electrician to the
Western Electric Company. He was awarded the degree of D. S., and in r874 he went abroad to perfect himself in
acoustics. Mr. Gray's latest invention was known as the telautograpli or long distance writing machine. Mr. Gray
wrote and published several works on scientific subjects, among which were: "Telegraphy and Telephony,"
and "Experimental Research in Electro Harmonic Telegraphy and Telephony."
A Biographical Record
Of Schuyler County, New York
The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company
New York and Chicago 1903.
Online Biographies is part of the RatsNest Group of websites which is striving
to be your one stop source for History, Biographies and New England
Genealogy. Please fell free to use all ouf sites as often as you need
them, that is what they are here for. If you have a web site you are always welcome to link to any of the pages
that we have online. Remember that new pages are being added all the time so you will find something new on most
There are now over 10,000 biographies at this web site.
Names A to H
Names I to Z
Biographies of the Presidents.
Railway Officials in America 1906
For all your genealogy needs visit Linkpendium