HORATIO GATES, one of the prominent figures in the American war for Independence, was not a native of the colonies
but was born in England in 1728. In early life he entered the British army and attained the rank of major. At the
capture of Martinico he was aide to General Monkton and after the peace of Aix Ia Chapelle, in 1748, he was among
the first troops that landed at Halifax. He was with Braddock at his defeat in 1755, and was there severely wounded.
At the conclusion of the French and Indian war Gates purchased an estate in Virginia, and, resigning from the British
army, settled down to life as a planter. On the breaking out of the Revolutionary war he entered the service of
the colonies and was made adjutant general of the Continental forces with the rank of brigadier general. He accompanied
Washington when he assumed the command of the army. In June, 1776, he was appointed to the command of the army
of Canada, but was superseded in May of the following year by General Schuyler. in August, 1777, however, the command
of that army was restored to General Gates and Septemher 19 he fought the battle of Bemis Heights. October 7, the
same year, he won the battle of Stillwater, or Saratoga, and October 17 received the surrender of General Burgoyne
and his army, the pivotal point of the war. This gave him brilliant reputation. June 13, 1780, General Gates was
appointed to the command of the southern military division, and August 16 of that year suffered defeat at the hands
of Lord Corneallis, at Camden, North Carolina. In December following he was superseded in the command by General
On the signing of the peace treaty General Gates retired to his plantation in Berkeley county, Virginia, where
he lived until 1790, when, emancipating all his slaves, he removed to New York City, where he resided until his
death, April 10, 1806.
A Biographical Record
Of Schuyler County, New York
The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company
New York and Chicago 1903.
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