FRANKLIN BUCHANAN, the famous rear admiral of the Confederate navy during the rebellion, was born in Baltimore,
Maryland. He became a United States midshipman in 1815 and was promoted through the various grades of the service
and became a captain in 1855. Mr. Buchanan resigned his captaincy in order to join the Confederate service in 1861
and later he asked to be reinstated, but his request was refused and he then entered into the service of the Confederate
government. He was placed in command of the frigate "Merrimac" after she had been fitted up as an ironclad,
and had command of her at the time of the battle of Hampton Roads. It was he who had command when the "Merrimac"
sunk the two wooden frigates, "Congress" and "Cumberiand," and was also in command during part
of the historical battle of the "Merrimac" and the "Monitor," where he was wounded and the
cornmand devolved upon Lieutenant Catesby Jones. He was created rear admiral in the Confederate service and commanded
the Confederate fleet in Mobile bay, which was defeated by Admiral Farragut, August 5, 1864. Mr. Buchanan was in
command of the "Tennessee," an ironclad, and during the engagement be lost one of his legs and was taken
prisoner in the end by the Union fleet After the war he settled in Talbot county, Maryland, where he died May 11,
A Biographical Record
Of Schuyler County, New York
The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company
New York and Chicago 1903.
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