CHESTER ALLEN ARTHUR, twenty first president of the United States, was born in Franklin county, Vermont, October
5, 1830. He was educated at Union College, Schenectady, New York, from which he graduated with honor, and engaged
in teaching school. After two years he entered the law office of Judge E. D. Culver, of New York, as a student.
He was admitted to the bar, and formed a partnership with an old room mate, Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention
of practicing law in the west, but after a few months' search for a location, they returned to New York and opened
an office, and at once entered upon a profitable practice. He was shortly afterwards married to a daughter of Lieutenant
Herndon, of the United States navy. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before his nomination for the vice presidency. In
1856 a colored woman in New York was ejected from a street car and retained Mr. Arthur in a suit against the company,
and obtained a verdict of five hundred dollars. It resulted in a general order by all superintendents of street
railways in the city to admit colored people to the cars.
Mr. Arthur was a delegate to the first Republican national convention, and was appointed judge advocate for the
Second Brigade of New York, and then chief engineer of Governor Morgan's staff. At the close of his term he resumed
the practice of law in New York. In 1872 he was made collector of the port of New York, which position he held
four years. At the Chicago convention in 1880. Mr. Arthur was nominated for the vice presidency with Garfield,
and after an exciting campaign was elected. Four months after the inauguration President Garfield was assassinated,
and Mr. Arthur was called to take the reins of government. His administration of affairs was generally satisfactory.
At its close he resumed the practice of law in New York. His death occurred November 18, 1886.
A Biographical Record
Of Schuyler County, New York
The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company
New York and Chicago 1903.
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