Biography of Henry A. Peabody
Ukiah Township, Mendocino County, CA Biographies





Henry Adams Peabody. Was born in Detroit, Michigan, March 19, 1837. His father was born and raised in New Hampshire and his mother in New York City. From Detroit his parents moved to Cleveland, and afterwards to Cincinnati, Ohio. At Cincinnati, at the age of ten, Henry acquired a slight knowledge of, and taste for, the printing business, his father being editor of the Prices Current and commercial editor of the Daily Commercial And it was in Cincinnati that he first became a newsboy. In 1850 his parents moved to Perry county, Tennessee, and from there to Boone county, Missouri. In 1853 he entered the Sentinel office, at Columbia, Boone county, Missouri, as an apprentice, and served for four years, acting as foreman of the office during the last year. In 1857 he crossed the plains to California in search of health and adventure, traveling with a train under the control of John Tilley, of Sonoma county, California. He secured work in the Sonoma Democrat office, then just established. He afterwards worked in San Francisco, first on the Daily Globe and then on the National as a compositor. In June, 1859, he returned to Missouri, via, Panama, Key West and New Orleans, where he cast his first vote for President, John C. Breckinridge, being his choice. When the war of the rebellion began he was attending school at the State University, but withdrew at once and entered the Missouri State Guard as a private, under the command of General Sterling Price. The first duty he was detailed to do was that of printing the first muster rolls for the Guard. Having a fair knowledge of infantry tactics, acquired in the State militia, he was promoted to a Lieutenantcy and made a drill master. In the fall of 1861 he entered the regular Confederate service as a private, and finally arose to a Captaincy of cavalry. As he was almost all the time detached from the regular service, and assisted very materially in the recruiting service, and that, too, far inside of the Union lines, his chances for promotion were indeed slim, but he always retained the confidence of his commanding officers. In the fall of 1862 (September) he was captured when within eighteen miles of the Missouri river, in Osage county, and was exchanged in December following (under an assumed name and for another prisoner) at the mouth of the Yazoo river, just above Vicksburg. During the period of his imprisonment he was held in prisons at Linn, Osage county, Jefferson City, and St. Louis (Gratiot street), Missouri, at Alton, Illinois, and Johnson's Island, Lake Erie. As he was captured inside the lines over two hundred and fifty miles, he was held as not subject to exchange, and so, through the aid of friends one Johnson's Island, he was enabled to return South, contrary to the wishes of those who held him. He rejoined his command in Mississippi, but was ordered west of that river again as a recruiting officer. When General Price entered Missouri on his last raid Captain Peabody was detailed to go ahead of the command, recruit for the army, and secure all useful information in his power. During that memorable raid he was with the army but three times-in Cole, Saline, and Lafayette counties. At Lexington he was ordered north of the river with seventeen commissioned and non commissioned officers, and they went into Ray, Clay, Platte, Buchanan and other counties north of the river. When Price was whipped at the Big Blue they endeavored to recrorecrosariver and rejoin their commands, but failing in this disbanded for the winter, and each man looked out for himself. After the surrender of General Lee the no longer Captain started across the plains a second time, and arrived in San Francisco in August following. During the war he received but one wound, and that was inflicted in a charge on the Ninth Iowa Battery at the battle of Pea Ridge, or Elkhorn, and a scratch on one of his hands in a skirmish with two gunboats at Cut off Island, at the mouth of White river. Since his return to California he has been foreman of the Sonoma Democrat (also one of its proprietors), the Daily Independent at Vallejo, the Daily Crescent at Petaluma, the Tulare Times, and the State Printing Office at Sacramento. Oa the 10th of April, 1880, he in partnership with A. W. Sefton, assumed the management of the Democratic Weekly Dispatch. February 3, 1867, Mr. Peabody married Miss Sallie Ann Bradley, of Sonoma county, and four children have blessed their union, three still living.

From:
History of Mendocino County, California
Alley, Bowen & Co., Publishers
San Francisco, California 1880


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